The Cathedral wa a symbol of authority and religious achievement to people of the Middle
Ages. Both Romanesque and Gothic style cathedrals are monuments to the skill and
creativity of medieval people. Upon entering a Romanesque or Gothic style cathedral, one
would have noticed that the function of these houses of worship is very similar. They are
each an urban religious center in which priests conducted masses. Upon further
examination of the sculptures and the different structures that embody them, one would
have found that they differ quite dramatically.
Aside from being a religious center in which mass was conducted, Romanesque style
cathedrals had one function that churches before them had never employed. They housed
relics that attracted thousands of Christian pilgrims. Gothic cathedrals did this and
more. They housed the administrative seat of the bishop, served as an educational center,
and also served as a municipal center that attracted business, civic events, and
festivals. While the Romanesque style cathedral held sacred relics, the advent of the
Gothic style cathedral provided a central hub for the medieval urban community.
The portal of the Romanesque cathedral was adorned with much sculpture. It contained