Child Labor Term Paper

This essay has a total of 1262 words and 6 pages.


Child Labor




Child labor is a serious moral issue. There have been many controversial debates over
whether it should be legal or not. Two different viewpoints on the subject exist. Many
argue that child labor is morally wrong and that the children should not work, no matter
how poverty stricken their family might be. Advocates and major corporations that support
child labor argue that it is good because it gives poverty-stricken families a source of
income.

Child labor first appeared with the development of domestic systems (when people became
civilized). It was widely practiced in England, America, and other countries during the
16th-18th centuries. Children were paid very little for the dangerous conditions and the
long hours they were required to work. Many of these children worked in factories,
mills, mines, and other horrible places. Some families sold their children into labor
for money to pay off debts. These children worked off the debt and were a source of
income for the family.

Today, child labor is illegal in most developed countries. There are strict laws that
monitor the jobs, hours, wages, etc. that children have if they do work. An example of
these laws, is one that requires all children to go to school until they are 16 years of
age before they can drop out and be employed full time. Most third world and
under-developed countries are where the majority of child laborers can be found.


Child labor is morally wrong. The children shouldn’t be forced to work.
Most children who work are little more than slaves to their employers. They put up with
abuse, starvation, and sometimes never being paid for their work. One eight year-old
boy, Munnilal, from Varanasi, India, was freed when a raid was lead on the factory in
which he worked and was kept in a slave-like environment. His “Master” gave him no money
for the long hours he worked. He also stated that he was “hit again and
again.”(Kielberger, 6.)

Children who are forced to work also miss out on life and their chance for a good
education. “In Pakistan, I talked to a boy making bricks. He had been sold into labor by
his grandfather to pay a debt. ‘Would you like to go to school?’ I asked him.

‘What is school?’ he asked me.” (Kielberger, 5.) In India, only 64% of males and 39% of females are literate.
When children are forced to work at a young age, they can also develop serious health
problems. “Health problems are compounded for children because they are more susceptible
than adults to the types of illnesses and injuries associated with occupational hazards.”
(Parker, http://www.busph.bu.edu/Gallery/Introp.html.)


Child labor is necessary in some places because poor families need the extra income this will bring.
Poverty is the reason many children go to work. In India, 37% of the urban and 39% of the
rural populations live in poverty. (Unknown.) Studies have “revealed a positive
correlation- in some instances, a strong one- between child labor and such factors as
poverty.” (Melara-Kerpelman, 1996.) Also, a poll taken of child laborers revealed that
63.74% said the reason they worked was poverty. (Unknown.)Many parents make their children
work because there are no alternate sources of income. In many economically depressed
countries where child labor exists, there aren’t any welfare systems and easy access to
loans. The money for these types of programs isn’t readily available. The shortage of
money is due to the fact that there are economic problem within the country.

Not all of the places where children work in third world countries are dangerous and
dirty. Some major corporations move their businesses to places like Pakistan and China
because the people there will work for less. Many times the people who work in these
factories are children. Not all of these companies pay just a few cents a day though.
Mattel, the maker of Barbie, is one of these corporations. In their factory based in
Chagnan, China, workers are paid a $1.81 a day. (Holstein.) The factory they work in is
also kept up to higher standards than most factories in China are. It is clean and they
are very rarely forced to work in dangerous conditions.

Continues for 3 more pages >>




  • A Rose for Emily
    A Rose for Emily The Symbolism and Characterization in "A Rose for Emily" by William Faulkner In the short story "A Rose for Emily" by William Faulkner, the macabre ending is foreshadowed by the story\'s opening with Miss Emily Grierson\'s death and funeral. The bizarre outcome is further emphasized throughout by the symbolism of the decaying house, which parallels Miss Emily\'s physical deterioration and demonstrates her ultimate mental disintegration. Her life, like the house which decays arou
  • Cambodia
    Cambodia The Impact of the Past on the Present Cambodia, then, like so many other nations in the developing world, is an agricultural country, and, in terms of the cash incomes of its people, desperately poor. In the past, Cambodia was able to earn foreign exchange to pay for imported goods by selling agricultural surpluses-of rice and corn, for example-or plant crops, such as pepper, rubber, and cotton. Its normal patterns of trade were broken up in the wars of the 1970\'s. When the fighting di
  • Charles Manson
    Charles Manson Air section of southern California. On Saturday, August ninth, nineteen sixty-nine, all hell broke loose with more than six dozen plunges of a carving fork and knife, and the peaceful dyll was shattered. Out of the chaos caused by the senseless, horrific murderers, Charles Manson emerged as one of the most feared notorious criminals of all time. In the twenty-nine years since the so-called "Tate-La Bianca" murders, many people have speculated about what caused Charles Manson to be
  • Muckrakers
    muckrakers Muckraking was a powerful journalistic force, whose supporters made it become so. Muckraking was the practice of writers and critics exposing corrupt politicians and business practices. President Theodore Roosevelt made the term "muck-raker" popular. He once said The man with the muck-rake, the man who could look no way but downward with the muck-rake in his hands; who was offered a celestial crown for his muckrake, but who would neither look up nor regard the crown he was offered, bu
  • Reconstruction1
    Reconstruction1 Victoria Hubble February 8, 2000 Reconstruction The Reconstruction, a time most people would call a rebirth, succeeded in few of the goals that it had set out to achieve within the 12 years it was in progress. It was the reconstruction’s failure in its objectives, that brought forth the inevitable success in changing the South, as well as the countless African Americans living in it as well as the countless African Americans living in it at the time. There were three goals the re
  • Biography of John Steinbeck
    Biography of John Steinbeck Biography of John Steinbeck John Steinbeck was born in 1902, in California\'s Salinas Valley, a region that would eventually serve as the setting for Of Mice and Men as well as many of his other works. He studied literature and writing at Stanford University, but disenrolled in 1925, after six years, without a degree. He moved to New York City and worked as a laborer and journalist for five years, until he completed his first novel in 1929, Cup of Gold. Soon thereafte
  • Issac Singer
    Issac Singer In 1851, Isaac Singer borrowed .00 to make a working sewing machine that would become the leader in the sewing machine industry and famous around the world. Isaac Merritt Singer was born on October 27, 1811 in Troy, New York to a large family of German immigrants. When he was twelve he left home and went to Rochester and worked all kinds of unskilled labor jobs until he was 19 years old. He found a job as an apprentice machinist in a machine shop. He didn\'t like this job, so aft
  • Jimi Hendrix
    Jimi Hendrix On November 27, 1942, Jimi Hendrix was born as John Allen Hendrix in Washington at Seattle General Hospital. His childhood was not a privileged one, however, he did indulge himself in one particular way: Jimi loved to play the guitar. At first he played an old acoustic, and later a cheap Silvertone electric, which were both strung for a lefty on a right-handed guitar, one of the defining Hendrix traits (Murray 34- 5) . As a teenager, young Jimi listened to the music which affected h
  • Great Expectations1
    Great Expectations1 In Great Expectations, Pip, the protagonist and narrator of the story grows from a young child to a mannerly gentleman with high social status. Throughout the story he goes through many changes. However, in the end it turns out that Pip was handed too much too quickly. Bad fortune falls upon him and he is sent back to his poor home in Kent. All considered though, this novel is a true story of love and in the end true happiness for Pip is obtained. Great Expectations was set i
  • Herman Melville
    Herman Melville Herman Melville: An Anti- Transcendentalist or Not? Melville, Herman (1819-91), American novelist, a major literary figure whose exploration of psychological and metaphysical themes foreshadowed 20th-century literary concerns but whose works remained in obscurity until the 1920s, when his genius was finally recognized. Melville was born August 1, 1819, in New York City, into a family that had declined in the world. The Gansevoorts were solid, stable, eminent, prosperous people; t
  • Of Mice and Men1
    Of Mice and Men1 John Steinbeck John Steinbeck was born in Salinas, California, in 1902. He was raised in a fertile agricultural valley about twenty miles from the Pacific Coast. Both the valley and the coast would become the setting for some of his novels and short stories. In 1919 he attended Stanford University, where he took literature and writing classes. In 1925 he left the university. He did not attain a degree before his departure. For the next five years of Steinbeck’s life, he worked a
  • Of Mice and Men1
    Of Mice and Men1 John Steinbeck John Steinbeck was born in Salinas, California, in 1902. He was raised in a fertile agricultural valley about twenty miles from the Pacific Coast. Both the valley and the coast would become the setting for some of his novels and short stories. In 1919 he attended Stanford University, where he took literature and writing classes. In 1925 he left the university. He did not attain a degree before his departure. For the next five years of Steinbeck’s life, he worked a
  • Japanese Work Ethics vs American Work Ethics
    Japanese Work Ethics vs American Work Ethics Japanese Work Ethics vs American Ethics "For an American to consider the Japanese from any viewpoint for any reason, it is important for us to remember that they are products of a unique civilization, that their standards and values are the results of several thousand years of powerful religious and metaphysical conditioning that were entirely different from those that molded the character, personality and habits of Westerners" ( De Mente, p.19). To u
  • Roatcap Cattle Company
    Roatcap Cattle Company Roatcap Cattle Company, Ltd. (RCC) faces changing the focus of its cattle operations. The options are (1) to maintain the cattle operations at the current level, (2) to expand to 100 cows, (3) to expand to 200 cows, or (4) to get out of the cattle business altogether. RCC currently uses a cash or tax based method to account for its cattle operations, RCC has employed our accounting firm to modify, based on RCC’s approval, its accounting methods for the following four objec
  • Marx and Capitalism
    Marx and Capitalism Karl Marx is the most controversial economist in history. His writings are studied and debated. He is frequently linked with communism and that association has biased many people against him. Marx’s link to communism were formed because many of the socialist dictators such as Lenin studied Marx intensively, however it is erroneous to assume that Marx was a proponent of communism. He was however a critic of capitalism. He studied capitalism extensively and much of his writings
  • Civil Engineering
    Civil Engineering Civil Engineering Why do I want to be a civil engineer? Until recently, I did not know the answer to this question myself. I was lost when choosing a career. Then, I read about civil engineering, an occupation involving the construction of buildings, roads, and bridges. As I looked farther into civil engineering, I liked many of the other aspects involved with the career. Although the education will be difficult, I have determined that civil engineering is the career that I wan
  • A Rose For Emily1
    A Rose For Emily1 The Past Is the Present After World War One, there were many changes occurring in the world. Man’s inherent need to follow tradition was now being challenged by a continually changing, modern world. The past and the present often conflicted. William Faulkner, a southern born writer, based much of his novels and short stories on this conflict. He aptly reflects the turmoil of the past and the present in, “ A Rose for Emily”. The conflict between the past and the present is symbo
  • A Rose For Emily1
    A Rose For Emily1 The Past Is the Present After World War One, there were many changes occurring in the world. Man’s inherent need to follow tradition was now being challenged by a continually changing, modern world. The past and the present often conflicted. William Faulkner, a southern born writer, based much of his novels and short stories on this conflict. He aptly reflects the turmoil of the past and the present in, “ A Rose for Emily”. The conflict between the past and the present is symbo
  • A Rose For Emily1
    A Rose For Emily1 The Past Is the Present After World War One, there were many changes occurring in the world. Man’s inherent need to follow tradition was now being challenged by a continually changing, modern world. The past and the present often conflicted. William Faulkner, a southern born writer, based much of his novels and short stories on this conflict. He aptly reflects the turmoil of the past and the present in, “ A Rose for Emily”. The conflict between the past and the present is symbo
  • A Rose For Emily1
    A Rose For Emily1 The Past Is the Present After World War One, there were many changes occurring in the world. Man’s inherent need to follow tradition was now being challenged by a continually changing, modern world. The past and the present often conflicted. William Faulkner, a southern born writer, based much of his novels and short stories on this conflict. He aptly reflects the turmoil of the past and the present in, “ A Rose for Emily”. The conflict between the past and the present is symbo
  • A symbol of neglect
    A symbol of neglect A Symbol of Neglect Only when the present has become the past can we reflect on what we could have or should have done. Yet our society is so obsessed with keeping track of time that we spend millions of dollars a year to keep a set of atomic clocks ticking the time. These clocks are so accurate that they must be reset once a year to correct for the earth\'s imperfect orbit. Our base-60 measure of time is an abstract idea dating from the Babylonians. All this, and what most h
  • Animal Farm3
    Animal Farm3 Two Legs: Bad, Four Legs: Just as Bad Many great works have been inspired by events in history. George Orwell’s Animal Farm provides an unusual outlook on the Russian Revolution and its leaders by using animals to represent their human counterparts. Orwell attacks communist society and points out weaknesses in its government officials. He calls for a close examination of the treatment of Russian citizens and questions whether they have any rights at all. Orwell was careful in his de
  • As i lie dying
    as i lie dying Addie Bundren - As the matriarch of the Bundren family, Addie is the absent protagonist of the novel. A former schoolteacher, she married Anse Bundren after a brief courtship and bore him four children: Cash, Darl, Dewey Dell and Vardaman. As the result of an affair with Whitfield, Addie is also mother to an illegitimate child, Jewel. At the outset of the novel, Addie is gravely ill, and dies soon thereafter. Her dying wish to be buried with her relatives in Jefferson, the capital
  • Child Labor in Victorian England
    Child Labor in Victorian England Child Labor in Victorian England “The report described the children as ‘Chained, belted, harnessed like dogs…black, saturated with wet, and more than half-naked, crawling upon their hands and knees, and dragging their heavy loads behind them’” (Yancey 34). This quote from Ivor Brown probably best describes the strenuous work preformed by a child laborer during the Victorian Era. Child laborers played an important part in developing the country’s economy. Children
  • Contractors Work Providers or Abusers
    Contractors Work Providers or Abusers Contratistas: Work Providers or Abusers? My problem is the contratistas (labor contractors) continual abuse of immigrants that come from Mexico to California; I believe it is wrong. I am trying to address any reader of this essay in order to further educate and make clear that the abuse of immigrants is not right. The immigrants’ wages have fallen while the profits have hit a record high. The immigrants’ are also continuously cheated out of their wages by th
  • Invisible Man Theme
    Invisible Man Theme The Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison is a novel which embodies the universal theme of self-discovery, of the search to figure out who one truly is in life which we all are embarked upon. Throughout the text, the narrator is constantly wondering about who he really is, and evaluating the different identities which he assumes for himself. He progresses from being a hopeful student with a bright future to being just another poor black laborer in New Your City to being a fairly wel
  • Pardoners Tale
    Pardoners Tale The Pardoner\'s Tale: Deception and Foolishness There are several types of foolishness being described in the Pardoner\'s Tale itself. He describes gluttony in general, then specifically wine. He talks of gambling, taking bets and the like, and of swearing. The exemplum of his sermon describes three fools who go foolishly seeking death, then find it in a large amount of gold. Deception is another topic addressed by the Pardoner: he comes right out and says that he is a con artist,
  • Reason
    reason The world of Tolstoy\'s Anna Karenina is a world ruled by chance. From the very opening chapters, where a watchman is accidentally run over by a train at Moscow\'s Petersburg station, to the final, climactic scenes of arbitrary destruction when Levin searches for Kitty in a forest beset by lightning, characters are brought together and forced into action against their will by coincidence and, sometimes, misfortune. That Anna and Vronsky ever meet and begin the fateful affair that becomes
  • Rose for emily2
    rose for emily2 James D. Panichella Composition 2 Dr. Cox House of Despair “A Rose for Emily” is the remarkable story of Emily Grierson, whose death and funeral drew the attention of the entire town. The unnamed narrator, whom some people consider as “the town” or at least a representative voice from it, relates key moments in Emily’s life, including the death of her father and her brief fling with a Yankee. Beyond the literal level of Emily’s narrative, the story is sometimes regarded as symbol
  • Same ProblemDifferent Solution
    Same ProblemDifferent Solution The African- American Community has been blessed with a multitude of scholars. Two of those scholars include Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du bois. Both of these men, had a vision for African- Americans. They wanted to see the advancement of their race of people. These great leaders just had different viewpoints as to how this should be accomplished. Mr. Washington’s viewpoints are based on his own personal experience and understanding of politics. Mr. Du bois’ v
  • The Pardoners Tale Deception and Foolishness
    The Pardoners Tale Deception and Foolishness Barrett Great Books 1 Dr. Carcache 11 December 2000 The Pardoner\'s Tale: Deception and Foolishness There are several types of foolishness being described in the Pardoner\'s Tale itself. He describes gluttony in general, then specifically wine. He talks of gambling, taking bets and the like, and of swearing. The beginning of his tale describes three fools who go foolishly seeking death, then find it in a large amount of gold. Deception is another topi
  • The Past Is the Present
    The Past Is the Present The Past Is the Present After World War One, there were many changes occurring in the world. Man’s inherent need to follow tradition was now being challenged by a continually changing, modern world. The past and the present often conflicted. William Faulkner, a southern born writer, based much of his novels and short stories on this conflict. He aptly reflects the turmoil of the past and the present in, “ A Rose for Emily”. The conflict between the past and the present is
  • To Kill a Mockingbird2
    To Kill a Mockingbird2 In 1960, Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird was first published. The book was published in the middle of the civil rights movement (Jones 53). The novel has been admired by many since it was first written, and it is a story that deals with racism in the 1930s. Diane Telgen said the following about the novel, "Lee’s story of the events surrounding the trial has been admired for its portrayal of Southern Life during the 1930s, not only for its piercing examination of the cau
  • To Kill a Mockingbird2
    To Kill a Mockingbird2 In 1960, Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird was first published. The book was published in the middle of the civil rights movement (Jones 53). The novel has been admired by many since it was first written, and it is a story that deals with racism in the 1930s. Diane Telgen said the following about the novel, "Lee’s story of the events surrounding the trial has been admired for its portrayal of Southern Life during the 1930s, not only for its piercing examination of the cau
  • To Kill a Mockingbird2
    To Kill a Mockingbird2 In 1960, Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird was first published. The book was published in the middle of the civil rights movement (Jones 53). The novel has been admired by many since it was first written, and it is a story that deals with racism in the 1930s. Diane Telgen said the following about the novel, "Lee’s story of the events surrounding the trial has been admired for its portrayal of Southern Life during the 1930s, not only for its piercing examination of the cau
  • Wuthering Heights8
    Wuthering Heights8 The Substantial Choices that Altered Many Destinations By: Rebecca Sloan The Earnshaw\'s and the Linton\'s both made many substantial choices that arbitrated their egotistic and non-egotistic destinations. Throughout the course of Emily Bronte\'s novel, Wuthering Heights, one may have noted Hareton and Catherine’s ability to overcome their differences, unlike their parents. Bronte shows the differences between her two main couples through their upbringing, characteristics, and
  • Captain Swing
    Captain Swing Captain Swing is an enjoyable collaboration between E. J. Hobsbawm and George Rude that depicts the social history of the English agricultural wage-laborers’ uprising of 1830. According to Hobsbawm and Rude, historiography of the laborers’ rising of 1830 is negligible. Most of what is known by the general public comes from J. L. And Barbara Hammond’s The Village Laborer published in 1911. They consider this an exceedingly valuable work, but state that the Hammonds oversimplified ev
  • Communism The Ideal Society
    Communism The Ideal Society Communism-The Ideal Society? Society is flawed. There are critical imbalances in it that are causing much of humanity to suffer. I suppose that this would be the driving force behind humanitys relentless search to plan and create a perfect society. An essential part of having an unflawed society would be having a perfect government. Throughout history, we have always strived to find different types of governments that would work more efficiently and more fairly for t
  • Communist Manifesto All that is solid melts into a
    Communist Manifesto All that is solid melts into air In the Gospel of St. Matthew, chapter 27 A-B, the people are given the traditional release of one prisoner. They have a choice, the just man Jesus Christ and the “notable” prisoner Barabbas. When asked which prisoner should be released the people responded, “Barabbas.” (convinced by the chief priests and elders.) Pontius Pilate asks what punishment he should be given. “They all responded: Let him be crucified.” Disturbed by the obvious injusti
  • Asiatic Cholera
    Asiatic Cholera The disease known as Asiatic cholera first infiltrated Great Britain in 1831, with its arrival in Sunderland1. From there, it broke out in epidemic proportions through 1832. Three more epidemics would follow the 1832 outbreak, 1848, 1854, and 1866. Cholera is defined as an acute infectious disease, originated in India, characterized by profuse vomiting, cramps, etc.2 These epidemics killed numerous Brits and effected many more. Several reasons can be seen for the continued import
  • Cezanne
    Cezanne Candy Elliott-Ries Art 101 ET Mr. Tim Hahn Final Paper Paul Cézanne Cézanne was born at Aix-en-Provence in the south of France on January 19, 1839. Cézanne developed artistic interests at an early age. His father was a common laborer then became a hatter and, eventually, a successful wealthy banker. He had high expectations for Paul and would never fully accept the notion of his son becoming an artist. Sadly, his father died before realizing the extraordinary accomplishments his son had
  • Christopher Hill The class strugle of the English
    Christopher Hill The class strugle of the English Revolution As a prolific historian and scholar of 17th century England, Christopher Hill has taken a unique historical perspective on the Civil War and its manifestations. He perceives the revolution as being a bourgeois insurrection . He also believes that this is the reason for the shaping of England since that time. In 1913 R. G Usher wrote: “The English Revolution of 1640 is as much an enigma today as it was to Charles. It is a riddle, which
  • Fredrick Douglass2
    Fredrick Douglass2 Frederick Douglass "Abolitionist/Editor" A biography of the life of Frederick Douglass by Sandra Thomas -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Frederick Douglass was one of the foremost leaders of the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the United States in the decades prior to the Civil War. A brilliant speaker, Douglass was asked by the American Anti-Slavery Society to engage in a tour of lectures, and so became
  • Maturation of the Plantation System 17761860
    Maturation of the Plantation System 17761860 In the essay, Maturation of the Plantation System 1776-1860, John B. Boles writes about the evolution of the Southern way of life from the end of the Revolutionary war to the beginning of the Civil war. Unlike the North, the South depended on agricultural products for revenue such as sugar, indigo, and tobacco, but mainly cotton in the later years. In order to produce these products, the plantation owners of the South used the cheapest labor available
  • Struggle for Blacks Rights After Civil War
    Struggle for Blacks Rights After Civil War After the Civil War and the emancipation proclamation by lincoln the slaves of america were free. This was a huge step in making our country truly free to all people. The reconstruction of the south did not however work out smoothly for the freed slaves. There were many road blocks along the way such as the Black Codes, the Plessy vs. Ferguson case and the terror of the Ku Klux Klan. The 14th amendment gave the freed slaves citizenship and some voting
  • Textile mills in the south
    textile mills in the south Why did the textile workers union in the southern United States spread so rapidly? The textile industry was, at one time, one of the largest industries in the south. Starting in the late 1800’s with small local looms and spreading to become corporations controlling the south and whose influence stretched internationally. One of the south’s first textile corporations originated in Gaston County, North Carolina, and its huge success led to the opening of mills across the
  • The Nuremberg trials
    The Nuremberg trials The Trial at Nuremberg During World War II the Allies were determined that both Hitler and the men around him should be punished for starting World War II and the crimes they had committed while they were waging it. These crimes included the extermination of the Jewish people of Europe known as the Holocaust or the Shoah. After some debate it was decided that the fairest way to proceed was the public trial of the men and organizations who committed the crimes. At the most fa
  • Edmund Kemper
    Edmund Kemper I. Description of the Crimes On May 7, 1972dmund Kemper began his series of murders. His first two victims were both students at Fresno State College. They were hitchhiking to Stanford University, but they made the tragic mistake of excepting a ride from Kemper. After driving them around for while, he pulled into a remote deserted area. He forced Anita Luchese into the trunk of the car, and turned his attention to his first victim Mary Ann Pesce. He put in the back seat face down,
  • ABOLITIONISM
    ABOLITIONISM “ Agitate! Agitate! Agitate!” ( Huggins,180). These are the words of Fredrick Douglass that could represent the way he lived his life. Not willing to accept his life as a slave, he rose to become a great and honorable man that held a voice of influence over the reform movement’s throughout the 19th century. He is one of the American leaders who provided a powerful voice for human rights and racial injustice during this period of American history. Throughout his life he was first and
  • Ancient Egyptian Beliefs in the Afterlife
    Ancient Egyptian Beliefs in the Afterlife The Egyptian culture is something that has fascinated the human race for thousands of years. Their cryptic writing and obsession with the afterlife have captivated people across the globe for centuries. The lives of the Egyptians were so centrally focused on their life after death, that it became a motif seen in many of their works and proceedings. The funerary rituals, architecture and art of this ancient civilization provide the modern day world with a