Paper on Chile

This essay has a total of 834 words and 5 pages.



In this project we are going to summarize the main points concerning the
history of CHILE , its independance, and bring the country to present day
CHILE. We are also going to mention some important facts about CHILE"S economy.


CHILE is a country located in the wester coast of South America, on the
Pacific Ocean. It is known for the famous Andes Mountain Range that covers all
of Peru and part of Chile

CHILE was first discovered in 1520 by a Portuguese navigator named
Ferdinand Magellan, who sailed under the flag of Spain. It was not until 1536
that CHILE was explored by a Spaniard named Diego de Almagro. Almagro was an
associate of Francisco Pizarro in the conquest of Peru. In 1540 a conquistador
named Pedro de Valdivia made a second expedition into CHILE He arrived in
CHILE in 1541 and claimed the land under the crown of Spain. He founded the
city of Santiago in February of that year, and appointed a Cabildo (Council)
of Conquistadores to control local affairs.


In December of 1553, Valdivia set out for the fort of Concepcion to avenge
the death of three soldiers, after word had reached him that the Indians had
murdered them. He did not know the Indians had an ambush prepared for him.
Valdivia was captured and executed, his entire army was also killed.

The Spaniards eventually dominated CHILE During this period CHILE was a
Captaincy General of Spain and supposedly governed from Peru, where Spain had a
more important government because Peru was rich in Inca gold. In reality,
because CHILE was farther away geographically, local affairs were controlled by
a governor who commanded the army and each town had its own Cabildo (Council).

CHILE had plenty of wars. The Indians refused to stay quiet. Until the
mid 1700"s, these wars against the Indians were payed for by Peru, which
provided money to CHILE to maintain CHILE"S government in Santiago and an army
on the frontier. CHILE was poor and dependent on its richer neighbor for wealth
and security.


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