Chinese Education Essay

This essay has a total of 1798 words and 7 pages.

Chinese Education

Chinese Education

The Education system in China although different than America's has many good qualities.
The view of Education in China has changed dramatically over the last forty years; it has
gone from there being no real system to one that is held up to be one of the best in the
world. In this paper I will go through the history of Chinese education and show how much
it truly has changed. I will also look at how it is now and what China can expect for its
future.

In 1949 The People's Republic of China was formed by the Communist party. This happened
after much struggle between the communists and the nationalists. The leader of the
communist party and the new People's Republic was Mao Zedong. When the communists took
over China they implemented many new ideas that were supposed to bring China up to speed
in regards to the industrial development. He started the five year plan in which the
people and government of China was to focus on the development of industry and to
challenge the old ways of thinking. The old ways were called "the four olds" these were
habits, ideas, customs, and cultures. After three years Mao asked for feedback of all of
the changes that had been occurring, this was called "The Hundred Flowers Campaign". The
people didn't all like what had been happening; especially the educated and they gave bad
feedback to Mao. He decided to purge the society of these "poisonous weeds" as he called
the educated because they challenged his authority. At this time all education was focused
on redness which is the communist ideology. This is when the battle of the government
verses the educated began and continued for many years.

For many years the different plans that Mao thought of were not as successful as he had
hoped. In 1959 Mao Zedong stepped down as the nation's leader but remained as the
communist's party leader. He did this in order to take responsibility for the failures of
the Great Leap Forward, and the other problems that had been caused under his leadership.
Then in 1965 Mao took control of the government once again and this is when he established
the Proletariat Cultural Revolution. Mao believed that the educated people were to blame
for the many problems of China, he thought they hindered Marxism. So from 1966 to 1976 the
entire education system was closed down in order to fix the problems caused and to focus
more on redness, these ten years were called "the ten bad years". Education created new
ideas and thoughts which allowed people to think for themselves which is not what Mao
wanted them to do. He sent several of the educated people to communes and he also killed
many of them. These ten years came to an end when Mao died in 1976.

In 1978 Deng Xiaoping became the leader of the People's Republic of China, and he began
the "De-Maoization" process. This allowed the people a chance to express how they really
felt about the way Mao ran the country. It was then that the educated were looked upon to
help fix the many problems that Mao had created, and were being allowed more freedom than
they had ever had before. Xiaoping created the new "Open Door Policy" in 1980 which
allowed people to leave China and visit and also to bring back the ideas that they had
learned in western cultures, more than 200,000 people were sent abroad. They were allowed
to study oversees and it was because of this that many of the western ideas were
introduced into Chinese society. This didn't work as well as they had planned because when
the students came back they were very liberal and looked down on the people and the way of
life of the Chinese. On June 4, 1989 over one million students came to protest in
Tiananmen Square because they wanted China to give them more freedom, and they wanted all
the changes to happen faster. In order to stop the protest the government sent in the
Chinese army to dispel them, most of the student leaders were arrested and then killed.

In order to understand the education system in China you must know the different
characteristics that make it up. These characteristics are size, comprehensive,
imbalanced, competitive, and centralised. The Chinese educational system is the biggest
educational system in the world. There are 330,000,000 students in China! This is greater
than the entire population of the United States of America! The education system goes
through grades pre-kindergarten (before age 6) to post graduate (2-3 years for Masters;
2-3 years for Doctorates). The Chinese educational system is not a balanced educational
system. While there are some schools in the cities that can match some of our western
countries in terms of resourcing the vast majority of schools are in the countryside. The
Chinese educational system is a highly competitive educational system. Because of the huge
population waiting to be educated, and the limited space in colleges and universities,
entrance to higher educational institutions must be very competitive. The Chinese
educational system is a centralised educational system. The legislation of education rests
Continues for 4 more pages >>