Cholera the forgotten disease Essay

This essay has a total of 457 words and 3 pages.

Cholera the forgotten disease

Cholera the Forgotten Disease

It seems every time we hear of a major flood or earthquake in a developing
country, we hear once again about cholera. Cholera has been very rare in industrial
nations, such as the USA, for the last 100 years, however, what we do not realize is that
cholera is endemic in many small countries which have limited drinking water and
sewage treatment facilities.
Caused by an infection of bacterium Vibrio Cholerae in the intestine, a cholera
infection is often mild or without symptoms, but sometimes is severe. Symptoms appear
2 to 3 days after initial exposure. Approximately one in 20 infected persons display
symptoms of water diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps; this rapid lose of body fluids
leads to dehydration and sometimes shock. These fluids must be replaced either
intravenously or by drinking liquids such as fruit juice, soup, or fluids called oral
rehydration salts, which replace electrolytes. Antibiotics may be proscribed to shorten the
duration of diarrhea and excretion of bacteria in feces. Without treatment, death may
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