This essay has a total of 1143 words and 9 pages.
Civil Rights Movement Timeline
Civil Rights Movement:
1890: The state of Mississippi adopts poll taxes and literacy tests to discourage black voters.
1895: Booker T. Washington delivers his Atlanta Exposition speech, which accepts segregation of the races.
1896: The Supreme Court rules in Plessy v. Ferguson the separate but equal treatment of the races is constitutional.
1900-1915: Over one thousand blacks are lynched in the states of the former Confederacy.
1905: The Niagara Movement is founded by W.E.B. du Bois and other black leaders to urge more direct action to achieve black civil rights.
1910: National Urban League is founded to help the conditions of urban African Americans.
1925: Black nationalist leader Marcus Garvey is convicted of mail fraud.
1928: For the first time in the 20th century an African American is elected to Congress.
1931: Farrad Muhammad establishes in Detroit what will become the Black Muslim Movement.
1933: The NAACP files -and loses- its firs suit against segregation and discrimination in education.
1938: The Supreme Court orders the admission of a black applicant to the University of Missouri Law School
1941: A. Philip Randoph threatens a massive march on Washington unless the Roosevelt administration takes measures to ensure black employment in defense industries; Roosevelt agrees to establish Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC).
1942: The congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is organized in Chicago.
1943: Race riots in Detroit and Harlem cause black leaders to ask their followers to be less demanding in asserting their commitment to civil rights; A. Philip Randolph breaks ranks to call for civil disobedience against Jim Crow schools and railroads.
1946: The Supreme Court, in Morgan v. The Commonwealth of Virginia, rules that state laws requiring racial segregation on buses violates the Constitution when applied to interstate passengers.
1947: Jackie Robinson breaks the color line in major league baseball.
1947: To Secure These Rights, the report by the Presidentís Committee on Civil Rights, is released; the commission, appointed by President Harry S. Truman, recommends government action to secure civil rights for all Americans.
1948: President Harry S. Truman issues an executive order desegregating the armed services.
1950: The NAACP decides to make its legal strategy a full-scale attack on educational segregation.
1954: First White Citizens Council meeting is held in Mississippi.
1954: School year begins with the integration of 150 formerly segregated school districts in eight states; many other school districts remain segregated.
1955: The Interstate Commerce Commission bans racial segregation in all facilities and vehicles engaged in interstate transportation.
1955: Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white person; the action triggers a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, let by Martin Luther King Jr.
1956: The home of Martin Luther King Jr. is bombed.
1956: The Montgomery bus boycott ends after the city receives U. S. Supreme Court order to desegregate city buses.
1957: Martin Luther King Jr. and a number of southern black clergymen create the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
1958: Ten thousand students hold a Youth March for Integrated Schools in Washington, D.C.
1959: Sit-in campaigns by college students desegregate eating facilities in St. Louis, Chicago, and Bloomington, Indiana; the Tennessee Christian Leadership Conference holds brief sit-ins in Nashville department stores.
1960: Twenty-five hundred students and community membe
Read essay without registering
Donate an essay now and get the full essay emailed you