Civil society in cuba Essay

This essay has a total of 747 words and 4 pages.

Civil society in cuba

According to the Marxist concept of society, it is paramount to analyze the term
"political organization of society", which is the expression of civil society as a whole.

If we continue approaching the Marxist perspective, the origin of political organization
of society lies on the division of society in antagonist classes, which leads to the
differences in social and political life, and new social relationships appear: political
and juridical, with their own organizations and institutions (State and political
parties), which are founded in order to conquer power. Thus , the political organization
of any society divided into classes is defined as "the system of institutions and
organizations that regulate political relationships among classes, nations and States".
(Konstantinov, F. Fundamentos de la filosofia marxista-leninista, Parte II, Materialismo
historico, De. Ciencias Sociales, La Habana, 1968, p. 149).

As to other Marxist authors, the political organization in its narrow meaning represents
the "system of the dictatorship of the dominant class", and in its widest meaning it
represents "all who take part in the State affairs". The term "political organization of
society" establishes a difference between civil society and State (Hegel already had dealt
with that) and this difference is: the relationship between

civil society and its political organization can be expressed as the relationship
between contents and shape. The concept of political organization of society is comparable
to the state of organization. Its relationship is that of the whole with the part".
(Colectivo de autores. Teoria marxista leninista del estado y el derecho E. Politica, La
Habana 1985, p. 294)

Theoretically, there is a difference between civil society and State, but the limits
existing between both of them are very dim.

As to the political organization of socialist society we find that the socialist State has
the Hegel's way of formation regarding civil society: "The Socialist State is in the first
place an instrument devoted to uniting the masses, giving them a communist education and
construct the new society". (Konstantinov, F. Op. cit. p. 42). That is, the State takes
the responsibility of bringing all men into the "monolithically unity" in thinking and
acting, toward the "indissoluble ideological and socio-political unity of the people"
supporting the communist party. (Afanasiev. Fundamentos del comunismo cientifico. De.
Politica, La Habana, p. 43).

It is possible to attain this purpose only by taking autonomy away from all civil society
and imposing by force the stereotypes of only one part of this society. Thus the State,
the Party, and the civil society become an homogeneous "whole" with no differences.

In the guidelines of the CPC (Communist Party of Cuba) it is stated that "the Communist
Party of Cuba, which is the vanguard of the working class and the whole people, is the
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