Essay on Civil War4

This essay has a total of 638 words and 4 pages.


Civil War4




Civil War


The Civil War started on April 12, 1861. It was a military conflict between the United
States of America, which was known as the union and the Confederate States of America know
as the Confederacy. It began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces opened fire on
Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, and lasted until May 26, 1865, when the
last Confederate army surrendered. The war took more than 600,000 lives, destroyed five
billion dollars worth of property and brought freedom to 4 million black slaves.

The main cause of the war was slavery. Southern states depended on slavery to support
their agricultural economy. Only a small amount of Northerners were against slavery.
However, they were opposed to its expansion, in part because they did not want to compete
against slave labor. The main debate centered on whether slavery should be allowed in the
Western territories, recently acquired during the Mexican War, which lasted from
1846-1848.

The North and the South had developed into two very different regions by 1860. The North
was firmly established as an industrial society. The South remained largely agricultural.
At that time the federal government's main source of its profits was the tariff on
imported goods. Southerners, who imported many manufactured goods, opposed tariffs, while
the manufacturing economy of the North demanded high tariffs to protect its products from
foreign competition. The expanding Northwest Territory was far from the markets its grain
and cattle were used at. They built roads and canals for survival and supported demands
for high tariffs. In addition, loyalty to one's state was often the priority over loyalty
to one's country in the early days of the United States. Neither North or the South had
any strong sense of the stability of the Union.

In 1861, Seven southern states set up confederacy on February 8, with Jefferson Davis as
president, they captured federal arsenals and forts. The Civil War began as Confederates
fired on Ft. Sumter in Charleston, SC, on April 12. They captured the fort on April 14.
By April 15 there was a new president in office. He was Abraham Lincoln. He asked for
75,000 volunteers to block southern ports on April 19, cutting off exports and aid. The
Confederates turned against Union forces at the first Battle of Bull Run July 21. That
same year the First transcontinental telegraph was put in operation.

In 1862, the Homestead Act was approved on May 20. This granted free family farms to
settlers. The Land Grant Act approved July 7, providing for public land sale to benefit
agricultural education. This eventually led to the establishment of state university
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