Civilizations Essay

This essay has a total of 1404 words and 6 pages.


civilizations




Throughout our world history, we have seen many civilizations rise and fall, many where
successful and many where not because of the way there leaders adopt their civilizations
to the environment and the other power related problems. From the rise and fall of
different civilizations you will also see different technology and inventions been develop
and past on through generations, as well as different political organizations and
cultures. The environment and the way the civilization spread out and expanded as a great
deal in the rise/fall of their civilization. Did civilizations depend on agriculture to
much that it caused the civilization to collapse?

The environment in different parts of the world made agriculture a lot easier or harder.
From agriculture you will develop specialization’s that will help your civilization
succeed and gain power over others. Many civilizations spread out West / East instead of
North / South. In spreading from East/West you will see that there is going to be the same
amount of day length, same seasonal variations, share similar diseases, same temperature
and share the same habits or biomes. All of these factors played a big role in the way
plants germinated and this lead to the domestication of different types of plants.
Diamonds says,” That’s part of the reason why fertile Crescent domesticated spread west to
east so rapidly, they were already well adapted to the climates of the regions to which
they where spreading”(Diamond 185). This helped out civilizations to grow more crops for
different kinds of purposes (Olives for oil) and to gain food surplus over other
civilizations, which leads to greater specializations and advancements. Many different
forms of technology and inventions where spread east to west because of the same climates(
Man rather spread from fertile Crescent to China instead of northern Europe because of the
same climate temperature and environments). Along with the sharing of inventions and
technology among a civilization also came blue print / idea diffusion from other
civilizations. Many civilizations picked up writing, religion, inventions, culture,
politics, and other advancements by copying/ or modify any ideas ( Blueprint) to suit
their own needs or they would just get a idea then make the rest up on their own( idea
diffusion) to advance their civilizations. Specialization’s help to develop large
monumental architecture to show much power there civilization had, like the pyramids,
Ziggurats, Masaba, etc. These different types could have been copied from different
civilizations and modified to there own religion and culture. Diamond explains,” That’s is
one reasons why there were so few independent origins of writings, is great difficulty of
inventing it”(224 Diamond). For a civilizations to develop their own type of writing would
take decades and even centuries to develop and this is why many blueprints and idea
diffusion where used in writing and other special advances that helped out civilizations
over others.

Writing helps many civilizations to rise above others. You could communicate among each
other, keep track of your livestock, make contracts and most of all for trade. Writing
developed politics and power organizations and aloud leaders to develop a cohesion system,
which developed taxation and rules to obey in society. Many peasants would have to pay
taxes so that the priest, military and other forms of higher social power people could
develop specialization’s for the leader and civilization. If a civilization was isolated
it could keep order, trade and communication to a basic level but with the population
rising and with a hungry power driving leader it forces the civilization to extend and
then you start to see fragmentation all over the place. With the rise in population you
are going to see a much higher demand on resources, such as good agriculture areas to grow
food (Also defense starts to become a problem because people are scattered all over the
area and no longer is isolated and is available for invasions). This forces civilizations
to invade one another and try to take over their area for more resources and spaces. Rome,
which was one of the most powerful empires, was expanding at an incredible rate, meanwhile
Carthage another civilization was also expanding to. Carthage invaded Rome but lost so now
all the land that Carthage had know was Rome’s territory to rule. This shows how
one-civilization expansions can whip out another civilization because of the lack of room
and resources.

With the invasions from other civilizations also brought diseases, the one civilization
would be immune to the disease because their bodies fought it off before and has vaccines
in there body to fight it but other would not and would almost whip out a whole
civilization. With Agriculture societies they where more pron to get a disease then a
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