Civilized Man Vs Early Man Essay

This essay has a total of 2207 words and 9 pages.

Civilized Man Vs Early Man

works cited:

Bibliography

Benton, Jenetta Rebold and Robert DiYammi. 1998 Arts and Culture, An Introduction To

The Humanitites. New Jersey. Pretence Hall

Best, Nicholas. 1984 Quest For The Past. USA: Readers Digest Association

Boardman, John. The Cambridge Ancient History. 1982. New York. Cambridge

University Press

Briggs, Asa. 1992 Everyday Life Through The Ages. Berkely Square, London Readers

Digest

Diamond, Jared. 1992 The Third Chimpanzee. New York. Harper

Collins

Edwards, Mike. "Indus Civilization" National Geographic Vol 197, No 6, June 2000,

page 126

Fromkin, David. 1998 The Way Of The World. New York Alfred A. Knoph

Kramer, Samuel. 1971 Cradle Of Civilization. Morristown, New Jersey. Time Life Books

Mills, Dorothy. 1951 The Book Of The Ancient World. New York. G.P. Putnam's Sons
Civilization And Early Cultures, An Analogy

Early civilizations are credited with introducing government, art, and religion, among
other things to the modern world. Does the credit actually belong to the people who created these
early civilizations or to those that came before? The final product may be considered greater and
certainly more polished than the product created by early man. All things found in an ancient
civilization were actually brought to them by the collective memories of the people that came
before.
Little is known about human life during the Paleolithic Period, 35,000 to 10,000 BC. Cave
paintings and a few clay statuettes are the sum total of what has survived the years for modern
archeologists to study. (Arts and Culture, An Introduction to the Humanities, p. 14,15 ) Anything
made of wood or bone has long since turned to dust. ( Everyday Life Through The Ages, p 13 )
Burial sites that have been discovered recently allow us to peek into the remote past. These
discoveries support the idea of an awareness of and homage paid to the spirits and natural forces
that shaped the world that these prehistoric people lived in. Several remote tribes have been
discovered this century . Prior to their discovery, these remote tribes, some numbering in the
many thousands, believed that they were the only people on the earth. ( The Third Chimpanzee, p
223 ) We can relate the life styles of these remote people, who have lived many thousands of
years cut off from the rest of civilization, to our ancestors who lived in prehistoric times.
Humans all over the world, since the beginning of recorded times have followed along
the same path. That is the path of creativity, worship, and organization. Many of the things we
attribute to early civilizations had its beginnings in our common prehistoric past. Ancient
civilizations and early man are alike in many ways, some of them being, religion, government and
organization.
God-kings, that is kings who took on the mantle of a God, ruled early civilizations. They
were worshipped by the masses, and acted as intermediary between the forces that controlled
nature and the human subjects that lived on earth. Early man also had an intermediary to act as
go-between on behalf of the people. He or she was a shaman, or priest. This person was
someone who was counted on to advise the chief of the tribe or community on matters relating to
the "Gods." ( The Third Chimpanzee, p 287 )
Every force of nature was a mystery to early man, as it was to those that lived in the first,
early civilizations, and therefore a belief developed that those forces needed to be controlled.
These questions that have troubled mankind from its earliest days: Who are we? Where are we?
How did we get here? They have all been answered through the ages in one way or another. (
The Book Of The Ancient World, p 8 )
Cave paintings in Lascaux, France that date to 17,000 BC, have been found that show
graphic presentations of animals. Spearheads have been driven into some of these animal
representations. These rites by early man were held to either bring success to the hunt, or to
thank the Gods for their success at a recent hunt. We see that animal worship made its way into
early civilizations also. Animal representations have been found in tombs from the earliest days of
civilized Mesopotamia. Animal representations are present also in religious symbols from the
earliest civilizations. Early man had to live in harmony with nature. Civilized man, took this
harmonious coexistence one step further, and incorporated animals into their worship of Gods.
An early example of this is demonstrated on the Palette of Narmer, the Egyptian king who is
credited with beginning Egyptian history. On it, Hathor, the cow-headed goddess who protects
the city of the dead is present. Also present is a hawk or falcon, symbol of the god Horus.
Another example of animal worship in ancient Egypt was the "family God," Bes. His job was to
protect the family, and was found in many homes. On judgment day, an Egyptian believed he will
face the Jackal Judge. A heart heavy with sin will tip the scales and a terrible monster will devour
the sinner. If someone lived a virtuous life, the scales will balance, and the person will have
eternal bliss. ( Arts and Culture, An Introduction to The Humanities, p 8 Fertility and a renewal
of things, birth of people and animals, the seasons, and of vegetation used for food sources were
also very important to early man, as it was to early-civilized man. What is believed to be a fertility
figure, the Venus of Willendorf, was found that dates to 30,000 years ago. (Quest For The Past, p
12 ) Also, the cave paintings represent what is thought to be a "mother earth" theory. That is, by
painting the animals so close to the center, or womb of the earth, more animals will be born. (
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