CJD Disease Essay

This essay has a total of 500 words and 3 pages.

CJD Disease

CJD Disease

The Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease is a rare brain disorder that is fatal. Reseachers find about
one case of CJD disease per million each year.CJD can effect anyone, this disease effects
both males and females of different ethnic groups usually between the ages of 50-75 .This
disease causes progressive dementia and neuromuscular problems. Researchers still don't
know for sure what agent causes the Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease, it is a topic that has been
debated about. It was first thought to be a virus but a virus contains nucleic acid and
when researchers looked at the CJD agent, they found it contained no nucleic acid. Also
the chemicals that are supposed to make most viruses inactive did nothing to decrease the
inefficiency of the CJD disease.

There is a new theory thought that seems to make more sense. The theory that the CJD
disease is not a virus but an uncoventional agent made of protein. This pathogen called a
"prion " are thought to transform other protein molecules into deadly ones by changing the
shape of the healthy molecules to the dangerous conformation. Prions are what link CJD
disease and BSE disease. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, also know as "mad cow disease,"
is believe to be caused by prions, which is believed to cause CJD disease in humans.

Creutzfeldt-jakob disease can acquired in three ways. First, The disease can occur
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