Cleopatra Argumentative Essay

This essay has a total of 1913 words and 9 pages.


Cleopatra Vll was born in 69 BC, in Alexandria, Egypt. Despite what people say today, that
she was glamorous and beautiful, she was far from it.

She is shown on ancient coins with a long hooked nose and masculine features. Although she
was not beautiful she was clearly a very seductive woman, and she used this to further
Egypt politically. She had a beautiful musical voice. It is also said that she was highly
intelligent. She spoke nine different languages, and she was the first Ptolemy pharaoh who
could actually spoke Egyptian.

She ascended the Egyptian throne after her father, Ptolemy Xll Auletes died in 51 BC.
Cleopatra which was seventeen at the time and her brother Ptolemy Xlll, which was twelve,
were married because of the terms of her fathers will. They then ruled Egypt together. In
the third year of their reign Ptolemy's advisers told him that he should rule Egypt by
himself. So, because of this he drove Cleopatra into exile. Cleopatra then escaped to
Syria. She then returned with an army. Ptolemy sent an army to meet with her. At this
point, Julius Caesar of Rome arrived in pursuit of an enemy, who was seeking help from
Ptolemy. Cleopatra had to roll herself up in a rug so that she wouldn't get killed while
entering Egypt. If she hadn't hidden herself she would have been killed. When she unrolled
herself in front of Caesar he fell in love with her right away.Caesar had to choose which
of the Egyptian rulers to help keep the throne. Of course he chose Cleopatra. He then
became Cleopatra's lover. In 47 BC Ptolemy Xlll drowned in the Nile while trying to
escape, and Caesar then restored Cleopatra to her throne.

After her older brother Ptolemy Xlll was died, Cleopatra was then forced by custom to
marry her youngest brother Ptolemy XlV, which was about eleven at the time. After
Cleopatra and Ptolemy XlV were settled on their joint government basis, she and Caesar
went on a two-month cruise on the Nile. It is said that it was then she became pregnant,
and she later gave birth to a son. His name was officially Ptolemy XV Caesar, but he was
popularly called Caesarion, which means "Little Caesar". People say that Caesar was not
really the father of Caesarion. Although the child strongly resembled Caesar, and so
Caesar acknowledged him as his son.

After the cruise Caesar then went back to Rome and Cleopatra went back to Egypt. Caesar
left three men that were part of the army so that they could protect Cleopatra. In 46 BC
he invited Cleopatra to go to Rome to be with him. She then went taking Caesarion with
her. That same year in September he celebrated his war triumph's in which was called the
March of Triumph's. In this march he paraded through the streets of Rome with his
prisoners, including Cleopatra's sister Arsinoe. Caesar spared Arsinoe's life after she
betrayed Cleopatra, but later Mark Antony had her killed after Cleopatra told him to.

Cleopatra lived in Caesar's villa near Rome for almost two years. He showered Cleopatra
with gifts and everything she wanted. It was rumored that Caesar was intending to pass a
law allowing him to marry Cleopatra and make their son his heir. It was also rumored that
Caesar, who had accepted a lifetime dictatorship and sat on a golden throne in the Senate,
intended to become the king of Rome. On March 15, 44 BC a crowd of conspirators surrounded
Caesar at a Senate meeting and stabbed him to death. Cleopatra knew that she was also in
danger so she quickly left Rome with her protectors. Before or immediately after their
return to Egypt, Ptolemy XIV died. It is rumored that Cleopatra had him. Cleopatra then
made Caesarion,her son, co-regent.

Caesar's assassination caused lacking in a ruler and civil war in Rome. Eventually the
empire was divided among three men. Those men were Caesar's great-nephew Octavian, who
later became the emperor Augustus. There was also Marcus Lepidus and Marcus Antonius, or
better known as Mark Antony.

In 42 B.C. Mark Antony called for Cleopatra to Tarsus, to question her about whether she
had assisted his enemies. Cleopatra arrived in style on a barge with a gilded stern,
purple sails, and silver oars. The boat was sailed by her maids, who were dressed as sea
nymphs. Cleopatra herself was dressed as Venus, the goddess of love. She reclined under a
gold canopy, fanned by boys in Cupid costumes.

Antony was impressed by this glamorous display of luxury. This was as Cleopatra had
intended. That night Cleopatra entertained him on her barge, and the next night Antony
invited her to supper, hoping to outdo her in magnificence. Unfortunately he failed to do
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