Cloning

This essay has a total of 1030 words and 5 pages.

cloning

Since March 1997, the birth of a cloned sheep, named Dolly, has caused a great sensation
around the world. The reason why Dolly shocked the world was that she was the first clone
from a cell of an adult mammal: something scientists thought to be impossible. The cloning
of a mammal cell meant that the possibility of cloning a human beings was increased. For
fear human cloning, a lot of countries have taken necessary measures to regulate the study
of it. We should ban human cloning because it has the possibility to reduce the value of
human life: taking away individuality in our society.

Richard Seed, a physicist who supports human cloning, said in a radio interview that he
would open a clinic of human cloning for infertile people and make a big profit (Hotwired
Japan). If human cloning were allowed there would be so many people just like Seed who
would use cloning technology to make money. The business of operating the technology looks
so profitable because there could be 100,000 or so women in the U.S. who would like a
similar chance to use cloning to have their own babies. Probably, they do not care how
much money they pay to have their own blood-related babies. Allowing human cloning creates
a world where one could get life with money. Buying life reduce the value of it because we
do not respect things which we can get easily. It could lead to the increase of murder.
One day it might be possible that at a department


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store we can buy life that is labeled, "ON SALE!"
In the simplest language, cloning is the process in which the DNA from some cell of a body
is put by electrical shock into a female egg cell whose DNA has been removed. Then the egg
cell is implanted into a womb, then it grows as same as a natural baby does. The problem
is that there is absolutely no reason why the egg cell be implanted into the same woman
who offers DNA. Hence, it might be connected with abuses, such as a black market of egg
cells or a company offering surrogate mothers. Many women suffering from anatomical
complications that prohibit successful childbearing might try to find a suitable surrogate
mother. Also, those women who just do not like the discomforts of pregnancy might use
cloning technology. In this point, human cloning is no longer developed for only infertile
people but also for lazy women.

As explained, cloning needs the DNA of only one person. Dr. Ian Wilmut in Roslin
Institute, where Dolly was produced, claims that we should use the word "copying" for
reproduction of a human instead of "cloning". Human cloning would create duplication of
humans, and the individuality of each person would be lost. Someone may oppose the idea
saying that the environment in which a person grow largely contributes the formation of
his personality, but his appearance would be completely the same as the original. Critics
may contend that twins have the same appearance and are accepted as individuals. However,
making twins through cloning restricts the individuality artificially, not naturally.
Natural and artificial are very different. I doubt whether a human conceived by cloning
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