Cold War3 Paper

This essay has a total of 737 words and 4 pages.


Cold War3




In this paper I will discuss what actions and thoughts added up to cause the cold war.
The cold war lasted from September 1, 1945 to about December 25, 1991. That is about
forty-five years, which is an extremely long time. The cold war was a global competition
basically between two sides, the Free World, which was led by the United States of
America, and the Communist World led by the Soviet Union. The struggle took place through
indirect military conflict, and direct competition in the areas of economics, diplomacy,
culture, space exploration, and political theory. It also involved nuclear stand offs,
espionage, and global competition for other nations. The cold war has established the
framework for most international and national policy decisions.

The United States’ goals were to defend Western Europe, contain Soviet and Communist
expansion, and to prevent nuclear war. The Americans had an estimated twenty-four million
veterans participating in the cold war and spent over twelve trillion dollars on it as
well. The results for America were that we maintained the achievements of our victory in
World War II, avoided/prevented global nuclear war, and unified Germany. We also directly
freed 400 million people in ten different European nations from the bondage of Communism.
We did this in the Soviet Union, East Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Rumania,
Bulgaria, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania. The United States also indirectly assisted in
the freeing or relieving of tension/control on the peoples of Albania, Yugoslavia,
Finland, and Mongolia.

Basically the two pick players in the cold war were the United States and the Soviet
Union. At the end of the World War II the relations between these two countries had
deteriorated. They became rivals and the tension built up into the creation of the cold
war. Things especially heated up between the two when the Soviet Union would not accept
the offer from America to give reparations for after the war.

This aid was offered through the Truman Doctrine, which happened in March 1947. What it
stated was that American aid was being offered to European countries that bordered onto
Communist countries. The Marshall Plan, in June of 1947, which offered aid outside of
Europe to stop the spread of Communism-called containment. Then the USSR set up
Comminform in September 1947. Which Stalin said was a news agency, but really it was a
means of resistance to the Marshall Plan in Western Europe and to consolidate Soviet
control over the countries of Eastern Europe.

The Soviet ambassador to the United States was Novikov at the time. Novikov suggested
that the United States wanted to form a Western European alliance directly against the
Soviet Union. He felt that the Truman Doctrine was the first step towards this goal, but
it had been too harsh to attract any European support. Then he said that the Marshall
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