Colonial Differences Essay

This essay has a total of 818 words and 4 pages.

Colonial Differences


The differences in development between the New England colonies and the Chesapeake or
Middle colonies occurred for a many number of reasons. First, they were different people.
They come from different places and had different ways of life. Not only did the two
regions both have different governing systems, but they were also driven to the New World
by different religions or incentives. Even their slight economic differences helped to
shape the individuality of the two areas.


Most could probably see that is was painfully obvious as to who the religious fanatics
were. New England's colonists seemed to have a more religious tone, than did that of the
Middle or Southern regions. The Puritans, who had apparently come to America to escape
ridicule and religious persecution, were taking up on that very idea, punishing all those
whom did not share in their ideas. They were stiff, strict people and did not allow for
much, but the main idea is that they were driven by a higher power, God. This made the
Puritans successful Massachusetts's colonists in that they were strong-willed and willing
to make their government work. The type of government chosen by the Puritans worked well,
a theocratic environment. A theocracy is defined as government of a state by immediate
divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided. According the John
Winthrop, who was to be their governor for some number of years, it seemed that their
grand purpose in America was to build A City upon a hill, in which the eyes of all people
were upon them. In other words, they thought their purpose in the New World was to
construct the model city. Connecticut, one of the other New England colonies was basically
like Massachusetts. Their only quarrel with the Bay colony was that it was not strict
enough.


Not all of the New England colonies were formed by the Puritans. The small state of Rhode
Island manifested from the outcasts of the Puritans. Rhode Island was a haven for
independent thinkers, for those such as Ann Hutchinson who was banished from he Bay
colony. Later on, the Quakers (Separatists), and Jews began to appear in the colony.


In the Middle colonies, things were a bit different. Some of the religious tone was still
there, however it didn't really affect the governing of the colonies. The Chesapeake
colonies were established as proprietary colonies, which is basically halfway between a
royal province and a self-governing colony. Control of the colony went to a man or group
of men appointed by the king. These people then appointed the governor, set up law courts,
and collected land tax from the settlers. The Middle colonies were still definitely
interested in religious freedom. Maryland, in fact, was a colony founded for Catholics.
The Quakers, who were a special kind of Puritan, founded the state of Pennsylvania. They
believed in equality very strongly and were not welcome in England.

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