Essay on Colonies

This essay has a total of 998 words and 5 pages.

Colonies


The New England and Southern Colonies were both settled largely by the English. By 1700,
the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.


The southern colonies have characteristics that are the antithesis of the New England
colonies attributes. New England was colonized for Freedom of Worship and freedom of
political thought. The Southern colonies were developed for freedom of economic
opportunity. The New England colonies had aspirations for a distinct society, where they
could show their homeland, how a country should be run. The southern colonies had goals
for mercantilism, and increasing the prosperity of England. The New England colonies were
based on theocracy, where the state forced the people to live and worship in an orthodox
way. The southern colonies(Virginia) had a government based on a royal government, where
the state was governed by a governor and council named by the king, and an elected
assembly chosen by the people. Finally, the New England colonies wanted to establish the
colony for religious motives, while the southern colonies were established for economic
motives.


England and the rebels of England (Pilgrims), made up the New England and southern
colonies. "God Almighty in his most holy and wise providence hath so disposed of the
condition of mankind, in all times some must be rich, some poor, some high and eminent in
power and dignity, other mean and in subjection. Yet we must be knit together in this work
as one man."(John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity) This statement by John Winthrop,
demonstrates importance of religion in the lives of the New England settlers. "We must
delight in each other, make others' conditions our own, rejoice together, mourn together,
labor and suffer together, always having before our eyes our commission and community in
the work, our community as members of the same body." (John Winthrop, A Model of Christian
Charity). The use of the word "together" and "community" indicates that the New England
settlers were of a communal nature, they were less individualistic than the southern
colonies. The New England colonies were based on religious freedom, thus their society was
reflected the religion.


"These underwritten names are to be transported to Virginia, embarked in the Merchant's
Hope, Hugh Weston, Master, per examination by the minister of Gravesend touching upon
their conformity to the Church discipline of England, and have taken oaths of allegiance
and supremacy:" (Ship's List of Emigrants Bound for Virginia). The use of the word
"Master", shows, that the southern colonies were more of a individualistic state rather
than a communal state(New England). This individualism was the effect of the motivation of
the southern colonies for economic opportunity.


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