This essay has a total of 2040 words and 10 pages.



No leader should put troops into the field merely to gratify his own spleen; no leader
should fight a battle simply out of pique. But a kingdom that has once been destroyed can
never come again into being; nor can the dead ever be brought back to life. Hence the
enlightened leader is heedful, and the good leader is full of caution.

- Sun Tzu


Tommy Franks, general of the American Army states that soldeirs should have a high
competance in their workplace, are caring, direct to their peers and sub-ordinates, hard
and tough in all conditions, thoughtful to the people of all and most importantly a
leader. He states "You would have to be a coward if you were a commander and you were not
afraid for your men". Understanding that statement leadership is not the same in all
levels. Majors and Leuitenant Colenels are not leading a section into battle, but on the
flip side you don't see a lance corporal moving battalions stragecally over the
battlefield. This is the fact that leaders of all levels sometimes forget, that everyone
in the army is a leader of some respect.

Although there are obviously many inspiring leaders, although the following leaders chosen
have different appraoaches to the way that they led their country. These leaders show the
way that you can bring a country from strength to strength with leadership skills. These
include the up and down life of Sadaam Hussein, Triumph and loss of Adolf Hitler, the
coming from nothing to the conquering Napoleon and finally the comparison of the great to
the poor leaders.

This essay will enlighten the issues of leadership of well known leaders and compare them
with the text leader from the Australian point of veiw. It will also bring current leaders
into a perspective to compare them with the leaders of yesteryear and provide an argument
where they may have gone wrong.

What is a leader?

Australian Defence force definiton of leadership is; leadership is the continuous
influencing and directing of men in tasks which they accomplish their willing obedience,
confidence, respect and loyalty in the manner urged by the leader. Qualities of leadership
involve leading by example with the use of the following traits; Motivation, Courage -
physical and moral, Decisiveness, Responsibility, iniative, integrity, judgement,
knowledge, loyalty, selflessness and the ability to communicate.

These traits, skills and abilities and ones self personality has the overall effect of how
the leader goes about doing what the leader has to do and because of this reason is why
its pottentially dangerous for an inexperienced leader to lead and conduct tasks after
observing another leader. A leader if he personally possessess the above qualities
otherwise the ability and success of the task is minimal.

Army leaders, no matter what level they are, which unit they belong to or what their job
entails always have to keep learning new and additional skills of leadership as they gain
more experience and increase the ranking structure. The majority of the greatest leaders
of today and yesterday started at the bottom working their way up gaining expeirience and
the loyalty of their men resulting in making them a better leader.


Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq for the past two decades, has the dubious distinction of
being the world's best known and most hated Arab leader. The greatest and most successful
dictator of his time Saddam, responsible for approximately 2 million deaths throughout the
world in his quarter of decade of power has many traits that a leader should have,
although he is noted to be extreme in his measures. Saddam thought that to get power in
his country it would be best to put the fear into his men so that none would contest his

A former Iraqi diplomat living in exile summed up Saddam's rule in one sentence: "Saddam
is a dictator who is ready to sacrifice his country, just so long as he can remain on his
throne in Baghdad." Few Iraqis would disagree with this. Although none living in Iraq
would dare to say so publicly. In his first role as the Iraqi president Saddam invites all
the members of the Revolutionary Command Council and hundreds of other Baath Party leaders
to a conference hall in Baghdad and announces that membrs of the audience are have not
been loyal to Iraq. Sixty-six "traitors" are identified on the spot, arrested and removed.
Among those arrested are five members of the Revolutionary Command Council. They and 17
others are publicly executed. This is Saddam's only tactic. Put the fear of life into
people and command from there. Although Saddam might defend his style of leadership, by
arguing that nothing else could have kept such a vast and diverse nation united, he did
bring the economy of the oil and the price of land in Iraq to a record low.

Saddam's positive traits such as strong oral communication skills and his attempt at
modernizing his country, were heavily dampened by his weaker traits including selfishness,
not leading by example and ruling out any threat to himself with death. This proves that
Saddam does not have the qualities of a leader that you need to have in the modern day.
"Read over and over again the campaigns of Alexander, Hannibal, Caeser, Gustavas, Turenne,
Eugene and Frederic. This is the only way to become a great general and master the secrets
of the art of war." With these leaders successes and sadams defeats it is obvious that
this passage is true.


Unlike the most of the greatest leaders throughout the past, Napolean had no birthright,
wealth or recources to propel him forward. Throughout his time in leadership, Napoleon was
a brilliant strategist and a larger-than-life leader. He proved this by revolutionising
battle of his era in two significant ways.

Napoleon broke tradition and made the ‘corps d'armee'. This is units of 10,000 men to
30,000 men internally forming minature armies of infantry, artillery and cavalry. This was
first seen in Napoleons earlier years as a leader. It allowed him to have his men equally
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