Confucius, Hammurabi and the Book of the Dead

This essay has a total of 733 words and 3 pages.

Confucius, Hammurabi and the Book of the Dead


Compare and Contrast the writings of Confucius, Hammurabi, and the book of the dead

Three of the most famous writings from ancient civilizations are the writings of
Confucius, Hammurabi's code of laws, and Egypt's Book of the Dead. At first, they seem
very different, they're from different times, regions, and religions, but they all offer a
peek into what values ancient people considered important.


One of the values that all three civilizations is justice and fairness. I feel that this
is best viewed in Hammurabi's laws. All of the penalties for the crimes are very stiff,
but fair. I feel that it is fair that "If he has broken the limb of a patrician, his limb
shall be broken" It's like in the Bible "An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth." In
Egypt, in the Book of the Dead, a man couldn't proceed into the after life unless he was
found innocent of any wrong doing on Earth. In Confucius' writings, he never actually
says the word "justice", but he does say "Great Man cherishes excellence; Petty Man, his
own comfort. Great Man cherishes the rules and regulations; Petty Man special favors."
To me, that mean "Great Man is fair, Petty man is unfair."


The second of these three values is responsibility and respect to one's family and elders,
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