Creating a simple and inexpensive network Essay

This essay has a total of 981 words and 5 pages.

Creating a simple and inexpensive network

What type of network would you recommend and why?
The very fist thing that must be taken into consideration in setting up your network is
what capabilities do you want your network to have. The relative ease and low cost to set
up a Peer-to-Peer networking system to form a small Local Area Network is the
recommendation I am making for your company. Peer-to-Peer networks offer no centralized
data storage and eliminate the control over sharing files from one main server. Each
computer system connected can share resources that they deem necessary. (Bird, D.,
Harwood, M. a€" 2003)

While a server network does offer more security and centralized data, there is no need for
a small network of four computers to tackle such an endeavor. The cost of setting up a
server network is also much more expensive in that one computer would need significant
upgrades to be able to handle software such as Windows 2000 or Linux Red Hat and also to
provide data storage and backups for the entire network. As you are currently using
Windows 98, the need for additional software is not required to benefit from basic network
functions such as shared use of directories, drives, or printers and can extensively
simplify internet access at each terminal. (Bird, D., Harwood, M. a€" 2003)

What type of upgrades might be needed?
The only upgrades that you would need to purchase for the systems are network interface
cards (NICs), cables and a hub, switch or router. Each machine on the network can be
installed with a NIC that connects to the computera€™s bus, and to either 10base-T
(twisted pair) or coaxial cable. The Ethernet transmits data by means of packets and
automatically adjusts to the addition of computers to a net. NICs all have a unique
address built in at the factory to facilitate this. After you install the NIC in each
system, you will then need to install the driver for the card by using the Windows 98
installation procedures and diskette supplied by the NIC manufacturer. NICa€™s can
cost as low as $3.00 for a 10/100 NIC PCI Card. (About.com a€" 2005/Pricewatch.com a€"
2005)

To make the connection to each system, a hub is needed. The hub is a device that connects
the cables from computers and other devices such as printers in the local area network.
Traditionally, hubs are used for star topology networks, but they are often used with
other configurations to make it easy to add and remove computers without bringing down the
network. Smart hubs or switching hubs are often used to improve performance by managing
traffic.

The recommendation I would make is the use of a Router. While routers, hubs and switches
all share similar physical appearance, routers differ substantially in their inner
workings. Traditional routers are designed to join multiple area networks (LANs and WANs)
on the Internet or on a large corporate network, for example, routers serve as
intermediate destinations for network traffic. Routers receive TCP/IP packets, look inside
each packet to identify the source and target IP addresses, then forward these packets as
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