Creation oF Israel Essay

This essay has a total of 740 words and 4 pages.


Creation oF Israel




In 1917 Chaim Weizmann, scientist, statesman, and Zionist, persuaded the British
government to issue a statement favoring the establishment of a Jewish national home in
Palestine. The statement which became known as the Balfour Declaration, was, in part,
payment to the Jews for their support of the British against the Turks during World War I.
After the war, the League of Nations ratified the declaration and in 1922 appointed
Britain to rule in Palestine.


This course of events caused Jews to be optimistic about the eventual establishment of a
homeland. Their optimism inspired the immigration to Palestine of Jews from many
countries, particularly from Germany when Nazi persecution of Jews began. The arrival of
many Jewish immigrants in the 1930s awakened Arab fears that Palestine would become a
national homeland for Jews. By 1936 guerrilla fighting had broken out between the Jews and
Arabs. Unable to maintain peace, Britain issued a white paper in 1939 that restricted
Jewish immigration into Palestine. The Jews, feeling betrayed, bitterly opposed the policy
and looked to the United States for support.


While President Franklin D. Roosevelt appeared to be sympathetic to the Jewish cause, his
assurances to the Arabs that the United States would not intervene without consulting both
parties caused public uncertainty about his position. When President Harry S. Truman took
office, he made clear that his sympathies were with the Jews and accepted the Balfour
Declaration, explaining that it was in keeping with former President Woodrow Wilson's
principle of "self determination." Truman initiated several studies of the Palestine
situation that supported his belief that, as a result of the Holocaust, Jews were
oppressed and also in need of a homeland. Throughout the Roosevelt and Truman
administrations, the Departments of War and State, recognizing the possibility of a
Soviet-Arab connection and the potential Arab restriction on Oil supplies to the United
States, advised against U.S. intervention on behalf of the Jews.


Britain and the United States, in a joint effort to examine the dilemma, established the
"Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry." In April 1946, the committee submitted
recommendations that Palestine not be dominated by either Arabs or Jews. It concluded that
attempts to establish nationhood or independence would result in civil strife; that a
trusteeship agreement aimed at bringing Jews and Arabs together should be established by
the United Nations; that full Jewish immigration be allowed into Palestine; and that two
autonomous states be established with a strong central government to control Jerusalem,
Bethlehem, and the Negev, the southernmost section of Palestine.
Continues for 2 more pages >>




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