Book Report on Crime

This essay has a total of 1758 words and 7 pages.

crime

Crime refers to many types of misconduct forbidden by law. Crimes include such things as
murder, stealing a car, resisting arrest, possessing or selling illegal drugs, appearing
nude on a public street, drunken driving, and bank robbery. The list of acts considered
crimes is constantly changing. For example, at one time, people were charged with
witchcraft, but this is no longer illegal. Today, it is becoming a serious crime to
pollute the air and water. In colonial days, pollution received little attention because
it caused few problems. Today, this type of theft, embezzlement, is a crime. Crimes may be
classified in various ways. Are grouped according to the seriousness of the offense,
according to the motives of the offenders. Such crimes may include economic crimes,
political crimes, crimes of passion, organized crime, and white collar crime. Crimes are
often divided between acts that most people would consider evil and acts that lawmakers
decide should be regulated in the interest of the community. The first group includes such
major crimes as arson, assault, breach of the peace, burglary, kidnapping, larceny,
murder, rape, and robbery. The second group includes crimes of a crimes include violations
of in come tax laws, liquor control regulations, pure food and drug laws, and traffic
laws. Crimes in the first group usually involve severe punishments while fines generally
punish crimes in the second group, notices to follow the court's orders, or other
relatively light penalties. Crimes are frequently classified according to their
seriousness as felonies or misdemeanors. Generally, felonies are more serious than
misdemeanors. Under the federal criminal law system, felonies are crimes for which the
punishment is death or imprisonment for more than a year. A misdemeanor is punishable by a
fine or by imprisonment for less than a year. In most states persons convicted of felonies
are sent to state prisons, while those quietly of misdemeanors serve their sentence in
city or county jails or houses of correction. Crimes against people include assault,
kidnapping, murder, and sexual attacks. Such crimes usually bring severe punishments.
Crimes against property include arson, automobile theft, burglary, embezzlement, forgery,
fraud, larceny, and vandalism. In most cases, these crimes carry lighter penalties than do
crimes against persons. Robbery is the crime most difficult to classify. The law considers
robbery a crime against the person or against the property, according to the case. Robbery
may involve simply taking property from another person. But a personal encounter occurs
between the robber and his victim, and it may include violence and bodily harm, especially
in muggings or other strong-arm robberies. Robbery is probably the crime most people have
in mind when they speak of robberies. Crimes against public order or morality include
disorderly conduct, gambling, prostitution, public drunkenness, and vagrancy. These
offenses generally involve lighter penalties than do crimes against people or property.
Criminologists question whether some offenses against public order or morality should
considered crimes. For example, many experts believe that drunkenness is a medical problem
and that the offender should be given medical help instead of being put in jail. There is
also widespread disagreement about whether certain practices hurt society and should be
considered crimes. Such acts gambling, use of marijuana, and homosexuality between
consenting adults. Organized crime consists of large-scale activities by groups of

Gangsters or racketeers. Organized crime specializes in providing illegal goods and
services. Its activities include gambling, prostitution, the illegal sale of drugs, and
loaning money at extremely high rates of interest. Many of these activities are often
called victimless crimes because both the buyer and the seller take part in them
willingly. Most activities of the crime syndicate are not reported to the police. People
who use the illegal services try to avoid the police because they do not want to be
associated with that kind of people. When the crime syndicate invades a legitimate
business or labor union, it uses terror, blackmail, and other methods to keep people from
going to the police. Even when the illegal activities are discovered, prosecutors have
difficulty convicting the gangsters because of the lack of reliable witnesses. In
addition, the syndicate frequently tries to bribe witnesses or law officers and sometimes
succeeds in doing so. The syndicate also furnishes bail money and lawyers for members who
are arrested. Gangsters have two main goals and they are money and power. No one knows how
much of each that they truly have, but investigations have shown that organized crime is a
multimillion-dollar business and that gangsters have considerable political control.
White-collar crime originally included only criminal acts committed by businessmen and
professional people while earning their living. The term referred to such crimes as stock
market swindles and other kinds of fraud. Today, the term covers such acts as cheating in
the payment taxes, which can be done in connection to your business. It may apply to petty
thefts by employees, as well as to million dollar stock market swindles. It could also
include service stations owner's charging for an automobile repair that was not made, or a
physician's billing a patient for services that were not performed. Many consumer
protection laws are aimed at white-collar crime. These laws regulate business and
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