Cuba Synopsis

This essay has a total of 1440 words and 5 pages.

Cuba

The year is 1959 and the place is Cuba. It is January 1st and Batista, the president of
Cuba has just fled the country fearing Fidel Castro, a Cuban revolutionary who mounted a
rebel force called the 26th of July Movement against Batista. Castro assumes power on the
16th of February and establishes a dictatorship. The Communist Rule Of Cuba So far, the
Soviet leader, Khrushchev is in question of what political track Castro is deciding to
take. Russia themselves have only one connection with Fidel which is his brother Raul who
is no doubt a full communist. The Communist Party of Cuba at this time has no contacts
with Castro quite yet. Unfortunately, Raul never showed his true feelings for communism to
his brother, Fidel. This causes quite a predicament for the Soviet Union to make them seen
and heard by Cuba. Smartly, Russia sends Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan, who held business
contacts in the US, to the states as a guest of the Russian ambassador. Fidel hears of
Mikoyan's arrival in the US and invites him to visit Cuba. Although Mikoyan is traveling
throughout the island, looking things over, Castro still has not identified himself as a
Communist quite yet. In May of 1960, diplomatic relations between Russia and Cuba are
established following Mikoyan's visit to the island. One reason why Cuba has turned to
Russia is because the US had cut off their oil supplies and imposed an economic embargo on
the island because of the naturalization of US owned companies and citizens by the Cuban
government. This calls for a massive oil shipment from the Soviets but unfortunately,
Russia was unable to handle such a demand because of their limited overseas shipping
capabilities. Subsequently, Russia puts an order for extra oil tankers from Italy, a
capitalist country. When Italy agrees to the business proposition, the US is infuriated
that another capitalist country was willing to help a communist country. Italy saw it as
nothing more than an opportunity to make extra money, regardless of opposing economic
systems. Back in Cuba, Castro has begun to make enemies for himself. The many policies he
has instilled angered many who fought beside him in the revolution to overthrow Batista
and many didn't approve of the socialist reforms he made such as the naturalization of
businesses and his collectivization of agriculture. Castro felt he needed protection
against the United States and because Cuban forces mainly used small arms and guerilla
warfare, Russia sent in tanks, artillery and attack planes as well as instructors on how
to use the new technologies. The former Russian ambassador in Cuba was then replaced after
Khrushchev soon realized that he worsened relations with Cuba instead of bettering them. A
journalist replaced him by the name of Alekseyev who was friendly with Fidel and his
brother, Raul. Alekseyev was seen to be much better suited for his position and worked
well with the Cuban government because he was already known and trusted by them. By the
early 1960's, Castro has openly endorsed Communism with his many appointments of communist
leaders in key positions of the Cuban government. As time, went on, Cuba became
increasingly dependent on military and economic aid provided by the Soviet Union. Russia
made up much of the Cuban trade interactions including the purchase of sugar and nickel.
The American government became aware of Cuba's growing success and began to wonder if Cuba
would act as an example of successful Socialism, persuade other countries in the Western
Hemisphere to revert to a socialist form of government or even serve as a base for
anti-American propaganda. The United States was more threatened than ever by this
socialist island nation on the rise. The Cuban Missile Crisis the date is October 14th,
Continues for 3 more pages >>