Cuban missile crises Essay

This essay has a total of 819 words and 4 pages.

Cuban missile crises

13 Days of Crises
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, also known as JFK, was the 35th president of the United States
and the youngest person ever to be elected president. He was also the first Roman Catholic
president and the first president to be born in the 20th century. Young people especially
liked him. No other president was so popular. Kennedy was assassinated before he completed
his third year as president; therefore, his achievements were limited. Nevertheless, his
influence was worldwide, and his handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis may have prevented
war. The thirteen days Kennedy spent fighting for the safety of this country back in
mid-October of 1962, were probably one of the most difficult times faced by Kennedy during
his presidency.

Right after the end of World War II, the world could be basically divided into two
specific superpower nations, one being the US and the other being Russia. Russia then was
quickly leading and building its political ideals towards communism and socialism. Widely
different from capitalism, communism was brought through media and tradition as being an
oppressive, horrific regime. Thus, during the fifties and sixties a lot of pressure was
developed regarding communism. With all of this conflicts going on between the two
nations, the American people started to dislike anything it had to do with communism. The
media with its latest powerful communication tool which was the TV was also responsible
for transmitting the cruel "face" of communism. Then, JFK knew that he had to act fast and
precisely to ensure the safety of the Americans when any threats towards the US were
present.

The 13 days conflict began when during a routine flight of a U-2 spy aircraft passed over
Cuba during a routine flight on the early morning of October 14, 1962. This flight
revealed that Cuba had non-operational missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons
representing a tremendous threat against US. At the time, Cuba was befriended with Russia
politically and military. Since Cuba is only 90 nautical miles away from United States it
represented as a direct hit from Russia. Later, U.S. spy agencies were able to count 20
nuclear warheads in Cuba. On October 20th, Kennedy orders quarantine over Cuba preventing
anyone or anything from going in or out of Cuba. Kennedy was not only facing the Cuban
Missile Crises as well as physical back pains from a previous injure when he served the
U.S. forces. Then, Kennedy was feeling a physical and political stress; nonetheless, he
had a job to do, the job of protecting the United States of America against this communist
threat.

It is also important to remember that back in the sixties, communication was very limited
and sometimes it would take hours to have an answer from across the globe. Communication
with Russia was very difficult. Just as McNamara (U.S. secretary of defense during JFK
presidency) once said, military moves were like a conversation between Kennedy and
Khrushchev (leader of Russia from 1958-1964). During The Cuban Missile Crises, Kennedy
also had to deal with his joint chiefs of staff advising him on what to do and sometimes
acting behind his back. One good example of such acting between Kennedy and his advisors
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