Paper on Cuban Revolution

This essay has a total of 955 words and 4 pages.

Cuban Revolution

Fidel Castro, inspired by Jose Marti who first dreamt of a Cuban Revolution who died a
martyr before he could succeed, wanted to overthrow the corrupt government under Fulgencio
Batista. Castro gathered an army of revolutionaries known as the Fidelistas who were
driven by nationalism, idealism, patriotism, and the thought of possibly becoming a
martyr, a historical glory of Cuba. The result of this revolution in Cuba was an overthrow
of the government and the start of a Communist state that still remains today.

Several events occurred that led up to the Cuban Revolution. The first war for Cuban
independence lasted from 1868 through 1878 and became known as the Ten Years' War. The
following year, the "Little War" began and lasted just over one year. The next attempt for
independence began in 1892 by Jose Marti. In 1901 the United States passed the Platt
Amendment which further angered the Cubans and increased the desire for independence. The
Revolution of 1933 was led by a series of small uprisings. Then, in 1952 when Fulgencio
Batista seized power and ended the constitutional government in Cuba. The 26th of July
movement, also known as M-26, in 1953 was another step toward revolution. Although the
M-26 was a physical fight, the first operations of the revolution did not occur until late
in 1956. Fighting continued until 1959 when Batista fled the country.

The Ten Years' War began on October 10, 1868 at a plantation in Yara. Carlos Cespedes,
weary of the heavy taxes demanded by Spain, freed his slaves and assembled a mixed band of
rebels. The movement grew very rapidly under Cespedes control. On October 19 his forces
captured the city of Bayamo, the first larger victory. With the assistance of Maximo Gomez
and other Dominican exiles, the rebels seized much of eastern Cuba. To counter these rebel
forces, Captain General Lesundi organized the Voluntarios, or Voluntary Corps. Although
the rebels lost the war, may other rebel groups, inspired by this war, began to appear.

The year following the Ten Years' War brought about the start of another attempt to gain
independence for Cuba. The "Little War" began on August 29, 1879 and only lasted until
September1880. La Guerra Chiquita, as it was known in Cuba, failed badly. It was followed
by several other minor revolts which eventually led up to Cuba's second war for
independence in 1895.

Cuba's second war for independence began on April 11, 1895. After three years of planning,
Jose Marti along with a small group of rebels landed at Maisi Cape on the northern coast
of Cuba. Marti and his rebels marched inland to meet with another rebel force led by
General Maximo Gomez. Against the advice of Gomez, Marti rode on his horse into the Cuban
brush and on May 19, just thirty-nine days after his return, Marti fell in a volley of
Spanish gunfire. He was killed therefor becoming a martyr and a future role model for
Fidel Castro. In December 1896, possibly Cuba's greatest revolutionary leader Antonio
Maceo, the Bronze Titan as he was known, was killed during a Spanish attack of his rebel
camp. As the war raged on, both sides continued to suffer huge losses.

Following the revolutionary war of 1895 and the war of 1898 between the United States and
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • Bay of Pigs
    Bay of Pigs The Bay of Pigs Invasion The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fidel Castro, is st
  • Bay Of Pigs 10 pages
    Bay Of Pigs 10 pages B A Y O F P I G S The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs, which is located on the south coast of Cuba about 97 miles southeast of Havanna, was one of mismanagement, poor judgment, and stupidity (“Bay of Pigs” 378). The blame for the failed invasion falls directly on the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and a young president by the name of John F. Kennedy. The whole intention of the invasion was to assault communist Cuba and put an end to Fidel Castro. I
  • Cuban missile crisis
    cuban missile crisis Many agree that the Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war; but exactly how close did it come? The Crisis was ultimately a showdown between the United States and the Soviet Union from October 16 to October 28, 1962. During those thirteen stressful days, the world’s two biggest superpowers stood on the brink of a nuclear catastrophe. The Crisis started as a result of both the Soviet Union’s fear of losing the arms race, and Cuba’s fear of US i
  • Cuban Missile Crisis The Edge of War
    Cuban Missile Crisis The Edge of War Cuban Missile Crisis John F. Kennedy\'s greatest triumph as President of the United States came in 1962, as the world\'s two largest superpowers, the Soviet Union and the United States, edged closer and closer to nuclear war. The Soviet premier of Russia was caught arming Fidel Castro with nuclear weapons. The confrontation left the world in fear for thirteen long days, with the life of the world on the line. In 1962, Nikita Khrushchev, Premier of the Soviet
  • Dreaming in the 1960s
    Dreaming in the 1960s Dreaming in the 1960s In 1962, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said his most famous words: "I have a dream." He was not the only one who felt this way. For many, the 1960s was a decade in which their dreams about America might be fulfilled. For Martin Luther King Jr., this was a dream of a truly equal America; for John F. Kennedy, it was a dream of a young vigorous nation that would put a man on the moon; and for the hippy movement, it was one of love, peace, and freedom. The 1
  • Image and Reality
    Image and Reality Valery Potakh Mr. Anderson US History 1A, P.7 24 November 1998 Image and Reality In the years since the thousand days many questions have been raised and are still being studied about John F. Kennedy. A Life of John F. Kennedy: A Question of Character is a book written by Thomas C. Reeves, in which Reeves discusses these issues. JFK was a great man, and yet there are still some things that one must take into consideration. His morality was always somewhat of an uncertainty; be
  • Images Of Vietnam
    Images Of Vietnam The United States of America prides itself as the self proclaimed leader of the free world. Since the end of World War II the United States has chosen to use force in order to insure this so called “freedom” of other less fortunate nations who do not have the ability to defend themselves. According to the United States these infieor nations “freedom,” has been in jeopardy since the beging of the cold war. Webster’s dictionary defines a democracy as a government by the people; a
  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th President of
    JFK John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States, the youngest person ever to be elected President, the first Roman Catholic and the first to be born in the 20th century. Kennedy was assassinated before he completed his third year as President, therefore his achievements were limited. Nevertheless, his influence was worldwide, and his handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis may have prevented the United States from entering into another world war. Kennedy was especially admir
  • JFK Assassinaton
    JFK Assassinaton J.F.K. Assassination If Lee Harvey Oswald killed J.F.K. and it wasn’t a conspiracy, then why is the government still withholding reports done on the assassination from the public’s eyes, in the FBI’s possession? President Kennedy was assassinated in 1963 on November 22. He was elected president in 1961. First he was a senator. Then he went straight from Capitol Hill to the White House. Robert Kennedy was attorney general and was J. F. K.\'s brother. He was head of the investigat
  • John F Kennedy Jr
    John F Kennedy Jr John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States. He was the youngest president ever to be elected, the first Roman Catholic president, and the first president to be born in the 20th century. Although, he didn\'t get the chance to live out his term and possible another one, he impacted the entire world. No other president was so popular, especially with the young people. John F. Kennedy was born May 29th, 1917, child of Joseph P. and Rose Kennedy. John had ei
  • The Bay of Pigs
    The Bay of Pigs The Bay of Pigs Invasion. The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fidel Castro,
  • The Bay of Pigs Invasion
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fidel Castro, is still in power
  • Gabriel Garcia Marquez spanish
    Gabriel Garcia Marquez spanish Nacio el 6 de marzo de 1928 en Aracataca, Columbia , en el hogar de Gabriel Eligio Garcia, telegrafista y de Luisa Santiaga Marquez Iguaran. Siendo muy niño fue dejado al cuidado de sus abuelos maternos, el Coronel Nicolas Marquez Iguaran -su idolo de toda la vida- y Tranquilina Iguaran Cortes. El reconoce que su madre es quien descubre los personajes de sus novelas a traves de sus recuerdos. Por haber vivido retirado al comienzo de su padre, le fue difícil tratarl
  • Life and Legend of Howard Hughes
    Life and Legend of Howard Hughes The Life and Legend of Howard Hughes Throughout the 20th century, it has been the medias job to pinpoint what events and people would prove to be an effective story. This was certainly the case for Howard R. Hughes. Son to the wealthy Howard Hughes Sr., Howard became the interest of the American people and newspapers for most of his life. Being deemed one of the most famous men of the mid-20th century was greatly attributed to Hughess skills as an industrialist
  • Entrepreneurship
    Entrepreneurship \'A Balanced Economic State\' Two main economic systems have been developed since the Industrial Revolution, these are Capitalism and Socialism. Both systems have advantages and disadvantages, this essay will explain these, and also give my proposals for a mixed system for the whole society of the United Kingdom. Capitalism Capitalism generally started as an economic system in the United Kingdom at the time of the Industrial Revolution. The basic explanation of Capitalism would
  • The euro
    The euro In Europe, the debut of the euro is widely hailed as the most important event affecting the international monetary landscape since the breakup of the Bretton Woods System in 1971 to 1973, or since the Bretton Woods Agreement in 1944, or maybe even since the founding of the Federal Reserve System in 1913. It has become a contest for European officials and commentators to see who can push the analogy back furthest in time. Eminences elsewhere in the world have similarly greeted the euro w
  • Elian Gonzalez
    Elian Gonzalez On November 25th, 1999, Elian Gonzalez was found clinging to an inner tube three miles off the coast of Ft. Lauderdale after a boat carrying his mother, stepfather and eleven others apparently sank on its way to the United States. He had been floating in the inner tube for two days and nights, and after being admitted to a hospital he had been found to be in remarkably good shape considering he was without food and water. But the worst was yet to come for Elian Gonzalez. Almost im
  • Fidel Castro
    Fidel Castro In 1959, a rebel, Fidel Castro, overthrew the reign of Fulgencia Batista in Cuba; a small island 90 miles off the Florida coast. There have been many coups and changes of government in the world since then. Few if any have had the effect on Americans and American foreign policy as this one. In 1952, Sergeant Fulgencia Batista staged a successful bloodless coup in Cuba. Batista never really had any cooperation and rarely garnered much support. His reign was marked by continual dissen
  • International Trade Policies of Campaign 2000
    International Trade Policies of Campaign 2000 I. Introduction Although international trade policy has not been one of the major points of debate in this year’s presidential race, determining the role which the United States will play in the rapidly expanding global market will be a fundamental issue for the next administration. The next president will be forced to deal with a number of important, and in many cases delicate problems, that may change the direction of international trade for the ne
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion
    Bay of Pigs Invasion The Bay of Pigs Invasion. The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically, years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fidel Castr
  • Cold war
    Cold war COLD WAR ESSAY The cold war began because of the conflicting ideologies between Soviet Communism and American Capitalism and the misconceptions both countries had about each other. The fact that neither country would reveal anything about them selves added the mystique and created high tensions between countries. Spying was the only way for countries to get a good idea of what the other side was doing and get answers for many previously unanswered questions. Many people had doubts and f
  • CHISTES EN ESPANOL
    CHISTES EN ESPANOL Cierto político mexicano fue invitado por una potencia extranjera a servir como astronauta en un arriesgado viaje espacial en el que además iría un chango. Le entregaron al político dos sobres que debería abrir ya dentro de la nave. El primer sobre contenía instrucciones sobre lo que tendrá que hacer el chango: encárgase del procedimiento de despegue, conducción de la nave, llegada al planeta Marte, despegue de regreso y aterrizaje, más registro de todas las observaciones que
  • Communist Rule In Cuba and the Cuban Missile Crisi
    Communist Rule In Cuba and the Cuban Missile Crisis The year is 1959 and the place is Cuba. It is January 1st and Batista, the president of Cuba has just fled the country fearing Fidel Castro, a Cuban revolutionary who mounted a rebel force called the 26th of July Movement against Batista. Castro assumes power on the 16th of February and establishes a dictatorship. Communist Rule In Cuba So far, the Soviet leader, Khrushchev is in question of what political track Castro is deciding to take. Russ
  • Secrecy in America
    Secrecy in America According to a survey performed for the Defense Department in 1996, it was found that the majority of U.S. citizens believe that the government withholds too much information by classifying it as a secret. In this book, “Secrecy: The American Experience”, Senator Daniel P. Moynihan reinforces that view. This is a distinctive book with numerous weaknesses, some errors, and one great strength. The weakness is that the book shows controversial arguments rather than a policy analy
  • Ba of pigs
    ba of pigs Outline A. Introduction 1. Topic 2. Topic question - Give evidence - Give examples of other ideas 3. Thesis B. Batista/Castro Government 1. Before Castro’s reign - conservative at first - turned communist 2. USSR stayed ally with Castro C. U-2 Spy Plane Incident 1. Francis Gary Powers - USA’s excuse - 1958 incident 2. Note to the US government - air space violation - Cuba 90 miles off the cost of Florida 3. Rejection of open skies’ proposal - Eisenhower left for the summit conference
  • Bay Of Pigs
    Bay Of Pigs BAY OF PIGS It seems that the United States has been one of the most dominant, if not the most dominant, countries in the world, since the Declaration of Independence. Yet, on Monday, April 17, 1961, our government experienced incredible criticism and extreme embarrassment when Fidel Castro, dictator of Cuba, instantly stopped an invasion on the Cuban beach known as the Bay of Pigs. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy, his advisors, and many Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) officials,
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1962
    Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1962 The Bay of Pigs Invasion The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fi
  • Bay of Pigs The Failed Invasion
    Bay of Pigs The Failed Invasion Bay of Pigs: The Failed Invasion The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president along with his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically, thirty-eight years after the event, the person whom the
  • Cold War2
    Cold War2 Cold War Propaganda The Cold War never presented any real threat on America. It was nothing more than the propaganda of two battling super powers. The two super powers involved in the Cold War were The United States of America and The Soviet Union. The two countries were constantly battling over who is the most powerful on the planet. The supposed threats were mere techniques of propaganda used to scare the other countries public into believing they were more powerful. Over and over ag
  • Cold War2
    Cold War2 Cold War Propaganda The Cold War never presented any real threat on America. It was nothing more than the propaganda of two battling super powers. The two super powers involved in the Cold War were The United States of America and The Soviet Union. The two countries were constantly battling over who is the most powerful on the planet. The supposed threats were mere techniques of propaganda used to scare the other countries public into believing they were more powerful. Over and over ag
  • Containment
    Containment During the Truman administration, a containment policy was developed. The policy eventually became the central concept defining U.S. foreign policy in the Cold War. To contain Soviet Communism, President Harry Truman used American military and financial resources to help rebuild Western Europe after World War II. Under the Truman Doctrine, President Truman requested Congress for funds to build up Turkey and Greece, two countries that came under pressure from the Soviet Union. Truman
  • Cuban history
    cuban history History of Cuba Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Cuba on October 28, 1492, during his initial westward voyage. In honor of the daughter of Ferdinand V and Isabella I of Spain, his benefactors, Columbus named it Juana, the first of several names he successively applied to the island. It eventually became known as Cuba, from its aboriginal name, Cubanascnan. Colonization by Spain When Columbus first landed on Cuba it was inhabited by the Ciboney, a friendly tribe related
  • Cuban Missile Crissis
    Cuban Missile Crissis The Cuban Missile Crisis by Tim Seigel History period 7 December 11, 1998 Back in 1962 most people thought there could not be a nuclear war. It was a time occupied by the Cold War. They were wrong. The U.S.A, Soviet Union, and Cuban countries were so close they could feel nuclear war breathing down their necks. The people of the U.S. were so close to being incinerated, and they didn\'t even know it. The Soviets had such a build up of missiles in Cuba they could have wiped-o
  • Cuban Missle Crisis
    Cuban Missle Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. The United States armed forces were at their highest state of readiness ever and Soviet field commanders in Cuba were prepared to use battlefield nuclear weapons to defend the island if it was invaded. Luckily, thanks to the bravery of two men, President John F. Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khrushchev, war was averted. In 1962, the Soviet Union was desperately behind the United States in the arms race.
  • JFK2
    JFK2 J.F.K On November 22, 1963, it was said that everything changed. This was the day that President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. The facts of the J.F.K. assassination will be assessed and the many different conspiracy theories will be explored and explained. How did one of the greatest and most influential President’s of our time become assassinated, and why? Throughout this paper the facts will be brought to your attention and therefore you will be able to draw y
  • Latin america
    latin america Latin America After world War II until the 1980’s, many Latin American leaders installed reforms to deal with new demanding issues in their country. These new reforms were frequently viewed by the United States as alarming due to the recent rise of communism in the world. Following almost a century of alliance, Americans and Russians disagreement came to the front line when in 1917 the Communists seized power, and established the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union would come to declare
  • Missile Crisis
    Missile Crisis The Cold War produced many confrontations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Korea and Vietnam were confrontations between the superpowers in an indirect way because each was supporting a country. Not until 1962 did they really come face to face with one another. The 1962 Cuban Missile Crises, although over Cuba, pitted the U.S. directly against Russia. The decisions between October 14 and 17, 1962 could easily have started WWIII or everyone’s fear at the time, nuclear war. Bu
  • The Cuban Revolution
    The Cuban Revolution The Cuban Revolution Final Draft The Cuban Revolution was in various ways different from the American Revolution and in other ways similar to it at because it had the same purpose and it also succeeded. Therefore, it can be rightfully said that the Cuban Revolution is an example, among others, of revolutions following the steps and ways (set of guidelines) of the American Revolution, which led it to be a victorious one. It could also be said that this revolution also offered
  • The Effect of AntiBatista Sentiment in Cuba on Cas
    The Effect of AntiBatista Sentiment in Cuba on Castros Rise to Power Fidel Castro is considered by many to be a totalitarian dictator who completely and consciously confines the freedoms of a nation. As Thomas M. Leonard expressed in his book Castro and the Cuban Revolution, “ Castro tightened his grip on the nation. All labor, social, and professional organizations are directed by the state. The press is controlled. There is no room for opposition. Dissidence means arrest and prison sentences.”
  • Western Civilization
    Western Civilization Western Civilization Final Exam Tuesday, June 23, 1998 Question: What were the causes of the World War II? Do you believe that the war could have been prevented? Why or Why not? After the fall of the Weimar government, and the rise to power of the National Socialists headed by Adolph Hitler, Germany underwent huge transformations. One of the largest of these was the change in foreign policy. Between the years of 1933 and 1936, while the Nazis began to consolidate their power
  • None Provided
    None Provided Gun Control Gun control is a law concerning firearms. A year ago, when it was just some obscure bill, and people were fighting it, I didnt know what it was. It seemed lots of people were fighting it so it must have been bad. I want to show people it is bad. That is what my essay is about. The government may have had good intentions of fighting crime by registering guns so that the police would know if a gun was involved in a crime, whose gun it was. The downside to this is, what c
  • Batista
    Batista Batista and the Revolution Latin America, throughout its history has a been a region full of revolutionary conflict. Time and time again the stage is set for revolution. In El Salvador, Nicaragua, and most popularly Cuba, the revolution has become a part of contemporary life. We now see the results and remains of these revolutions, but fail to see what catalyzed these violent changes. In modern Cuba we see Castro as an institution of communism and dictatorship. We rarely look back in his
  • Bay of pigs
    Bay of pigs The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fidel Castro, is still in power. To understa
  • Bolivia
    Bolivia Geography Bolivia is bounded on the north and east by Brazil, on the southeast by Paraguay, on the south by Argentina, and on the west by Chile and Peru. Bolivia, along with Paraguay, is the only South American country without direct access to the sea. Going in the northern-southern direction the maximum length of Bolivia is about 1530km (about 950 mi); its width, in an eastern-western direction, is about 1450 km (about 900 mi). The area is 1,098,581 sq. km (about 424,165 sq. mi), making
  • Brief History of Cuba
    Brief History of Cuba Brief Background: Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959, and his guiding vision has defined Cuba\'s Communist revolution while his iron will has held the country together for more than four decades. CASTRO brought Cuba onto the world stage by inviting Soviet support in the 1960s, inciting revolutionary movements throughout Latin America and Africa in the 1970s, and sending his army to fight in Angola in the 1980s. At home, Havana provided Cubans with high levels
  • The CIA: Protecting Our Nation
    CIA The CIA: Protecting Our Nation Thesis Statement: The Central Intelligence Agency not only evaluates and gathers information about the safety of the country but also directs tasks of other agencies in the intelligence community. I Creation of the CIA A. When B. Purpose C. Duties II Four Directorates A. Intelligence B. Operations C. Science and Technology D. Administration III Dangers to the CIA A. Enemies B. Covert Actions C. Policy IV Personnel A. Security Checks B. Qualifications C. Recruit
  • The CIA: Protecting Our Nation
    CIA The CIA: Protecting Our Nation Thesis Statement: The Central Intelligence Agency not only evaluates and gathers information about the safety of the country but also directs tasks of other agencies in the intelligence community. I Creation of the CIA A. When B. Purpose C. Duties II Four Directorates A. Intelligence B. Operations C. Science and Technology D. Administration III Dangers to the CIA A. Enemies B. Covert Actions C. Policy IV Personnel A. Security Checks B. Qualifications C. Recruit
  • Cuban crisis
    cuban crisis The political world is much like a stew, methinks. It is a conglomeration of what has been, what is, and what is to become. Since the dawning of the atomic age with the World War II invention of atomic/nuclear war capability, however, this stew has taken on a whole new taste, a piquancy that perhaps none of us were -- or ever will be -- truly prepared for in all of its possible mishmash. No longer were the world wars to be merely strategies, complete with trenches, tanks, and troops
  • Cuban Missle Crisis
    Cuban Missle Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis: Conflict between the U.S. and Russia What happened, who caused it, and how it could have been avoided The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. The United States armed forces were at their highest state of readiness and Soviet forces in Cuba were prepared to use nuclear weapons deployed on Cuban beaches to defend the island if it was invaded. However, histories opinion of the conflict is more that of praise and comm
  • Elian Gonzalez
    Elian Gonzalez Elian Gonzalez A young Cuban boy, named Elian Gonzalez, boarded a small boat with his mother and twelve other passengers. On their journey to America, rough seas occurred and their boat began to sink. Elian was placed on a tube to avoid the sinkage, while his mother and stepfather drowned and many other passengers. I can\'t believe a boy of his age had to see such a traumatic thing as that. A couple days later Elian was found floating in the same inner tube he was placed in with d