Cuban US Relations Essay

This essay has a total of 1496 words and 6 pages.


Cuban US Relations




From the time, Fidel Castro came to power in Cuba tensions ran high between the Cuban
government and the United States government. Relations between Cuba and the United States
grew during Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations. Not as much during the Eisenhower
administration as the Kennedy administration did tensions between between the two
countries intensify. Kennedy faced many a different situations as President. He faced
such situations like the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Tensions have
mounted high for a long time between Cuba and the United States.

Towards the end of President Eisenhower's second term he ran into the increasingly
strident attacks from the radical Fidel Castro. Eisenhower outwardly ignored the comments
made by Castro. Many criticized Eisenhower for provoking and tolerating the comments.
Even though he chose to ignore the comments made by the radical Castro he was well aware
of the situations that came before him about the happenings of Cuba. The CIA came to him
on a few occasions with plans for overthrowing Castro's regime. The CIA came up with the
idea of spraying a chemical into the broadcasting room. The plan was thrown out because
of its unreliability (M&P 383). They also came up with the idea of poisoning a box of
Castro's favorite cigars, enlisting members of an underground criminal syndicate to
assassinate Castro, and putting a poisoned pill in Castro's drink (M&P 384). In March of
1960 President Eisenhower asked the CIA to form a facility for the training of the Cuban
exiles. The training was to take place in Guatemala in case a future date should come
when they wanted to return to their homeland. Eisenhower made it clear that the
involvement of the United States in this mission should be kept secret. If it was to
become know that the United States was involved in the training of the exiles they might
have faced retaliation from the Soviet Union. The training of the exiles took place
towards the end of Eisenhower's term as President of the United States. He took very few
steps in the direction of having the exiles return to Cuba to overthrow Castro.

The training took place when President Eisenhower was leaving office and President-elect
Kennedy was coming into office. Upon coming into office, President Kennedy was told of
the training of Cuban exiles in Guatemala by CIA director Allen Dulles. Kennedy gave his
approval for the training of the exiles to continue. He later went to the Joint Chiefs of
Staff to evaluate the situation. They came to the conclusion that even though the CIA was
training the exiles they wouldn't have a very good chance of succeeding in overthrowing
the dictator of Cuba. They felt that even to have a chance of success they would need the
people still living in Cuba, who were unhappy with the government, to rebel at the same
time they were to come ashore (Think Quest). After Kennedy had a meeting with the Joint
Chiefs of Staff the President Guatemala ordered the CIA and the Cuban exiles out of his
country. Kennedy was forced to make a quick decision. The president was then informed
that the Cubans were receiving a shipment of fighter crafts from the Soviets. After this
President Kennedy got this news he gave the green light for the mission, but had the right
to cancel the mission with 24 hours notice (think quest). A few days before the actual
invasion took place there was a series of bombings took place on strategic military bases
in Cuba. The bombing was rather unsuccessful. They were supposed to take out the Cuban
fighter planes, but only took out a few planes. To conceal the identity of the B-26
bombers the United States were using to drop the bombs the planes were painted to resemble
planes in the Cuban air force (bay of Pigs Invasion). The idea was for the planes to
look like defective Cuban pilots that turned against their government. When the planes
left they flew in the direction of Miami. The invasion took place on April 17th. Being
well aware of the invasion Castro had his troops waiting for the exiles to come ashore.
The exiles were quickly met with resistance. Castro's Army quickly rounded up the exiles
that were trying to invade. Cuban aircraft were also successful in destroying a ship
carrying ammunitions for the exiles.

After the Cuban army squashed the exile uprising, it was impossible for the United States
to keep its involvement in the coup a secret any longer. The United States was met with
international opposition after this incident. Also the United States broke its relations
with Russia and Cuba. Many feel that Kennedy is to blame for the broken relations and
encouraged Khrushchev to place missiles in Cuba.

There were two reasons to why the Soviets deployed nuclear missiles to Cuba. The first
was Soviet insecurities and the other was the fear of losing Cuba in an invasion by the
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