Culture topic from Norway Essay

This essay has a total of 845 words and 4 pages.


Culture topic from Norway




Culture topic from Norway

Much of the culture from Norway during the period of the 10th to the
11th century came from the Vikings. They came from many villages and military camps from
all over Scandinavia. They were excellent seamen and warriors. Because of their geography
the people were forced to use the sea as their transportation. The traveled in long boats
decorated with dragonheads on their prows and used for raiding, warfare, and exploration.
According to many historians, the Vikings lived quiet lives as farmers or traders. Many
were skilled craftsmen, who were experts in boat building, iron working and as goldsmiths.
Women milked the cows and goats, made cheese, brewed ale and honey-sweetened meat, ground
grain in hand mills made of soapstone, called querns, cooked up the porridge that often
served as breakfast, and prepared fish or meat for dinner by spit roasting it, baked it
amid glowing embers in a fire pit or boiled it in an iron pot filled with water. The
housewife also used a loom where she made shirts, trousers that formed the first layer of
clothing for the Vikings, woolen kirtles, cloaks and shawls. The mistress of the house
knew about industry and authority. She carried needles, scissors, and a knife with her
wherever she went. She also held the keys to trunks or chests that held household articles
of special value. The class structure was based upon the fact that those who were clumsy,
ill formed would be the slaves of the Vikings, or otherwise known as THRALLS. Those who
were good looking and strong were the workers of farms and homes, otherwise known as
FREEMEN. The Vikings lived in small villages that consisted of family owned farms. On
these farms there was longhouse (sometimes made from wood, sod, wattle, or daub), stables
for livestock, storage sheds for food, workshops for iron and other crafts, boathouses for
sheltering vessels in winter and huts for storing other precious equipment like plows,
fishing tackle, carts, sleighs and skis. During this time period the Vikings went to
markets and traded furs, ivory, glass beads, pottery, jewelry, and swords. They also used
coins that they weighed to tell how much they were getting. Some of these coins were made
of silver, gold and sometimes bronze. The religion of the Vikings was Christianity. They
originally the Vikings kept the Old Norse religion and incorporated its themes into the
religion of Christianity. But then King Harold “Bluetooth”, renounced paganism and
embraced Christianity. A very famous tradition and celebration that was celebrated during
the old Pagan times was St. John’s Eve. This is a night of gatherings when people gathered
around bonfires. There were many superstitions connected with the Eve of St. John. For
instance, the bonfire was believed to give protection from evil spirits and to keep away
witches. Herbs and plants had magic powers of the night. Also, if a girl on this day
picked 7 different kinds of flowers and put them under her pillow, she would dream about
her future husband that night. The date of this event is June 23.


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