Paper on DDay

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DDay




D-Day

Throughout the course of World War II, there were several American raids, or invasions, of
European soil. Young American soldiers risked their own lives in order to save those of
thousands of others. The most famous of these invasions happened on the beaches of
Normandy, Where US and British forces ran into a strong German resistance . This battle
has been studied and glorified by many American historians throughout the years. Every
historian has his or her own take on this event, but almost all American historians will
express it as an important United States victory.

In his article “Questionable Objective: The Brittany Ports, 1944”, A. Harding Ganz focuses
on the “logistical planning” and “strategic considerations” of high ranking officials
during the invasion . He continues talk of planning and proper procedures, and eventually
encounters the actual battle itself. He describes the D-Day invasion in terms of the raw
number of soldiers, but soon changes his positive outlook on the invasion. He says:

On 6 June 1944 the allied forces invaded Festung Europa in Operation Overload.
The Normandy beachhead was successfully established, but stubborn German
resistance resulted in the drawn-out “Battle of the Build-Up” as men and material
were brought ashore. With stalemated Normandy fighting…”
It is clear that Ganz had a pro-invasion stance, but was willing to admit that fighting in
Normandy had resulted in at least a temporary stalemate. “The Battle of Normandy: The
Lingering Controversy”, as written by Stephen T. Powers, shines a whole new light on the
invasion. He too sees D-Day as an important allied victory, but calls it “a stunning
success, even though disaster was narrowly averted by the American V Corps on Omaha
Beach.” Powers continues to explain the tactics and planning of the invasion, and
subsequent battles, just as Ganz does. He does go a little more in depth than Ganz while
describing policies; he also portrays those men who made the policies. Powers describes
General Bernard L. Montgomery, overall ground commander for the battle of Normandy, as a
“vain, self-centered, troublesome general”.

Ganz and Powers clearly glorify the D-Day battles, and attribute the allied victory to
these incidents; Joseph Forbes has an entirely different view of this particular invasion.
He suggests that there were several other battles that are worthy of attention and
praise. When discussing the planning of a possible invasion of Japan, He is quoted as
saying:

“But James has presented no evidence that the adjustments in the Olympia
invasion planning would preclude an invasion of Japan in late fall. General
(Dwight D.) Eisenhower, commander of the Normandy invasion, has pointed
out that several serious problems were encountered in the planning of
Overload, and the plans were altered and adjusted several times. Yet all the
Problems and adjustments did not stop D-Day from taking place.”
This shows that Forbes feels that there were several different battles that could have
been the turning point of the war, but they were ignored. The above quote hints that he
feels that an invasion of Japan was placed in the shadows of Operation Overload during the
planning phase of the war.

Dropzone Normandy, by Napier Crookenden, as well as Ruth Chenault’s D-Day: The Greatest
Invasion, has a similar outlook on the invasion when compared to Ganz and Powers. Both
books portray the invasion as significant American victories, and praise the fighting done
there by American troops. The only historian studied that does not set forth an
overwhelming sense of glory for the invasion is Forbes. He feels that there could have
been a number of other battles that could have swung momentum in favor of the Americans.

Each historian shapes their opinion based on hard evidence. They all used actual battles,
as well as battle plans, to support their claims. The discussion of D-Day has not
significantly changed over time. History text, as well as articles written by historians
and war veterans, still view D-Day as an important American campaign and victory of World
War II. There may be a great deal of bias among American historians who address this
topic, but one cannot deny the importance of D-Day to the American cause in “The Great
Continues for 3 more pages >>




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