Death penalty

This essay has a total of 909 words and 4 pages.

Death penalty

I believe that capital punishment has its benefits and can prevent murders when used and
understood correctly.
The death penalty given to people judged to have committed extremely heinous
crimes such as murder has been a practice since before the beginning of Christianity.
Since the 1800s most executions have resulted from convictions for murder. The United
States is the only Western industrialized nation that still proceeds in capital punishment.
War crimes, spying and murder are the only three offenses that have the possible penalty
of the death sentence. In recent years, capital punishment has become a very
controversial issue in the United States and other countries.
Opposition to the death penalty says that states that have capital punishment have
a very high crime rate. What they do not take into consideration is that all the states are
different and have different populations, different numbers of major cities, and different
crime rates. There is currently no capital punishment in Alaska, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine,
Massachusetts, Michigan, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, and
Wisconsin. --Almost all have lower populations and a low crime rate. In otherwords, the
states that have capital punishment have it because of the high crime rates, not the other
way around.
Studies have shown that capital punishment deters murders. In 1985, a study
published by economist Stephen K. Layson at the University of North Carolina showed
that every execution of a murderer deters, on average, 18 murders. The study also showed
that raising the number of death sentences by one percent could prevent 105 murders. It
does not seem fair to me that a murderer can live while innocent people are dying,
especially when it can be prevented.
Violent crimes are capable of being deterred by lethal consequences for their
actions if only on a sub-conscience level. If the death penalty were just as consistent,
lethal, and as unstoppable as the AIDS virus, criminals would have reason to back down.
Following on from that, is the fact that abolitionists may claim that most studies show
that the death penalty has no effect on the murder rate at all. That is only because those
studies have focused on inconsistent executions. Capital punishment like all other
applications must be used consistently to become effective. There should not be any
question in the mind of a killer, if you commit murder, then you will be equally punished.
Abolitionists say that there are alternatives to the death penalty. It is in their
opinion that life in prison without parole serves well. Which it does, if you ignore all the
murders criminals commit within the prison when they kill prison guards and other
inmates, and also when they kill innocent citizens if they should escape. This is why for
people who truly value public safety, like myself; there is no substitute for the best in its
defense, which is capital punishment. Once a murderer is put to death, he or she is not
able to kill again.
Another argument against capital punishment is the combating of violence with
more violence, or that "you can not fight fire with fire." The problem with this is that
there is a difference between violence and law-enforcement.
Some people ask: "Why do we kill people to show that killing is wrong?"
Therefore setting executions equivalent to murder. The term murder is specifically
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