Depression 2 Essay

This essay has a total of 1524 words and 7 pages.

Depression 2


Imagine living with the most common and most painful mental illness (Blackman 89). You
wouldn't be able to do your work or get along with anyone. This disease is depression;
this paper will discuss facts about depression, signs and symptoms, different types,
medication and therapy.

Depression is a persistent feeling of sadness, despair and discouragement that last over a
long period of time (Salmans 171). Depression affects a person's mood, thoughts, body, and
behavior (Lytle). A number of factors, both biochemical and psychosocial, combine to bring
on this horrible disease (Salmans 41). The biggest factor is that neurotransmitters become
inactive (Stewart 8).

Unfortunately, only 20% of all depressed people actually get help (Stewart 11).
Fortunately though, 85% of all depressed people that do get help can be helped to a
significant degree (Salmans 75). Finally, in 1970, they saw depression as a disorder in
young peoples (Stewart 8). Even babies can become depressed if they're neglected. Many
young people that suffer from depression turn to suicide.

5,000 young people take their lives each year (Stewart 9). The rate of suicide dealing
with teenagers, 15-19, has tripled in the past 30 years (Salmans 40). Suicide is the 2nd
leading cause of death among older teens (Stewart 9). Depression isn't the only reason for
suicide though.

Depression has many effects on a person, both physically and mentally. Restlessness,
irritability, frequent crying, and change in behavior are all common signs (Kist 26).
Chronic aches and pains, such as headaches or stomachaches and other digestive problems
that don't get better with treatment are symptoms too.

Ones sleeping may be altered. A person could have difficulty falling asleep, or getting up
too early in the morning, or oversleeping (Kist 26). A big problem depressed people feel
is a lost in interest. A person will stop doing activities they used to enjoy (Kist 26).

Depression affects one's mental life too. People start to feel worthless, guilty, sad, and
empty for a long time (Kist 26). This disease can get people to think of death or suicide,
some even go to the extent of attempting to take their lives. A person's memory can even
be affected. Depression brings on poor concentration or inability to think and make
decisions (Kist 26).

Depression comes in many different types: major, manic and dysthymia are a few. A chronic
physical illness, drug habit, death of a loved one, or a problem in a marriage cause major
depression. Even though most with major depression will recover, half will suffer another
episode (Hales 38). People with severe cases of major depression can't work, study, or
interact and eventually can't feed, clothe or clean themselves (Hales 38). In the United
States 9%-26% of women and 5%-12% of men suffer from this type (Hales 38).

Manic depression is a type of depression that goes from a person being extremely happy and
then becoming severely depressed (Olshan 107). Being in a depressed state can be life
threatening. People suffering from manic depression show many symptoms. A few major ones
are hyperactivity, talking fast, inability, fear of dying, and jumping from one topic to
another during a conversation (Olshan 39).

Another type of depression is dysthymia. Dysthymia is a disorder that begins in childhood
(Blackman 92). People suffering from this type often go on to develop severe depression.
Unfortunately, dysthymia is linked to other problems such as, anorexia, drug abuse, and
anxiety (Hales 40). Children and teens with hyperactivity, conduct disorders, mental
retardation, development problems or parents that abuse them are more susceptible to have
dysthymia (Hales 40). Young people's relationship with peers and adults will even be
affected. Dysthymia is a prolonged sadness for at least two years without any change in a
person's mood (Hales 39). Poor eating or over eating and low energy and low self-esteem
are signs one's suffering from dysthymia.

Depression can be helped with anti-depressants. The three main categories of
anti-depressants are tricyclics (TCA's), monoamine oxiduse inhibitors (MAOI's), and
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI's). TCA's raise the level of serotonin and
norepinephrine in the brain (Salmans 126). They slow the rate of absorption by the nerve
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