Determinism Paper

This essay has a total of 1245 words and 6 pages.

Determinism

In this essay I will give a clear and knowledgeable understanding of determinism by
carefully explaining and comparing hard determinism and soft determinism. It will also be
clarified that if either hard or soft determinism were true then there still would be a
positive point to human action. Furthermore I will acknowledge that if one were to take on
the views of a hard determinist then they would have to change both their emotional and
personal relationships with other people. However, if one were to take on the view of a
soft determinist then they would not have to change their relationship or opinions of
people.


Determinism is the philosophical view that every event that takes place can be explained.
In other words every event that occurs, happens as a result of an event or set of events
that have occurred before it. (Hoefer, 2005) According to this theory, if determinism is
truethen, given the actual past, only one future is possible at any moment in time.

Although determinists follow the same theory of determinism there are two different types
of determinists: Hard determinists and Soft determinists.

Both types of determinists share the same belief that everything is determined on a
physical level that is, that all events that transpire within nature are determined by
events that have happened before it. However they come into conflict when the discussion
arises about non - physical determinants.

Hard determinists believe that ones thoughts, decisions and actions are also determined by
a set of events before them. The reason for this is that hard determinists view actions in
the same category as events. Therefore if every event is caused by actions before it, the
one taking the action could not have been able to act any differently. This is a very hard
theory for some to comprehend, as they believe that if we do not have free will one is not
in control of their actions and do not have a freedom of choice. (Nagel, 1987)

Soft determinist's although may believe that some decisions are determined they reject the
meaning that hard determinists give to the words ‘free will' and ‘moral
responsibility'. Soft determinists believe that when someone states that they have made a
free -will choice although they may know the decision is determined they went through the
process of knowing that they are doing the choosing, that they had considered all other
options and that no-one either externally or internally had corrupted their decision or
made them choose a different option. So therefore the decision made was made through free
will of choice.


Soft determinisms theory also applies to one of the main question that arise when
discussing determinism; if determinism is true then what is the point to human action?
This question although raises a good point is not the correct way to perceive any
determinist view.

As mentioned above soft determinists believe that the word ‘free will' has been wrongly
defined and would respond to this question by stating that there is still point to human
action because we still go through the process of making decisions and as long as we stick
by the deliberations of making these decisions, we still make a free choice judgement.

A hard determinist would also respond in a very similar manner to that of a soft
determinist, by stating that just because one may not be in control of the events or
decisions does not mean they have no point to any human action. They are still living
their lives and just because everything is already determined does not mean that they
still can't enjoy life to the fullest.

If every one took the concept that there is no point to human action then they would not
disrupt the determinants instead of thinking this way would only be included as a
determinant which would lead to another determinant such as giving up which in turn would
result in not achieving and so on.


When it comes to deciding whether or not one would have to change both their emotional and
personal relationship with other people, depends on which determinism one was willing to
accept as true.
Continues for 3 more pages >>




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