Different View point on Human Nature Essay

This essay has a total of 754 words and 4 pages.


Different View point on Human Nature





Different Viewpoints on Human Nature

Throughout history there have been arguments about anything and everything that is
disagreeable. People innately have there own and often different opinions. A prominent
discussion topic throughout history has been the nature of mankind. Many have written
works about human nature but few are discussed in greater detail than Candide, The Prince,
and Essay on Man. Voltaire, Niccolo Machiavelli, and Alexander Pope, who wrote these three
works respectively, concur with each other on many view points. But it is their
differences that make the works unique.

Voltaire wrote Candide in 1759 during the period known as the Enlightenment. It is a story
that has a deeper symbolic meaning about life and human nature. At face value it seems to
be an optimistic tale that speaks highly of man. But when looked at closely, it envelops a
whole new meaning. It is full of sexual allusions and darker views on human nature and man
himself. This wasn’t exactly a new concept, it was just brought about in a different
and unusual way. Candide is different from the other works in the fact that it was written
as a story about a baron’s son, which Voltaire uses as a third party media to get
his views across. Both Machiavelli and Pope were straightforward in their works. Another
difference between Voltaire and the others is his sarcasm. Candide translated into English
means optimism. In this work, Voltaire was not saying that people are good. He says that
people are greedy, power driven beings that put themselves above others. Yet his literal
words all seem happy and joyful. He uses his wit and sarcasm to get his point across.

The Prince, written in 1513 by Niccolo Machiavelli, is an essay about how to rule a state
and keep its adjuncts content. Whether it be a princedom, a republic or a mixture of the
two. In his essay, human nature and how it interacts with the prince is discussed greatly.
Machiavelli tells the prince that he should be as greedy and as devious as can be gotten
away with. He explains how to gain and control states and gives examples of how his points
are proven. Machiavelli’s main point is that there are classes of people and that
people are in a certain class for a reason. He says people should remain that way so that
all the roles are filled. He differs from the others in this aspect and also in his view
that people are ignorant fools. Another way Machiavelli differs from the other two is
religion and god. Where as Alexander Pope tries to intervene god in human nature,
Machiavelli says to ignore it and try to become as powerful as one can without thought
about what moral consequences could occur.

Alexander Pope wrote his work, Essay on Man in 1733. He talked about man in relationship
to the universe and how human nature dictates who we are. He differs in his views by
Continues for 2 more pages >>