Disjunction Vs. Communion In Raymond Carvers Short Essay

This essay has a total of 3661 words and 17 pages.

Disjunction Vs. Communion In Raymond Carvers Short Stories

Disjunction vs. Communion in Raymond Carver's Short Stories


Raymond Carver, poet, essayist, and short story writer, was very
different from some other writers in that he clipped his writing until only the
essential remained. " Carver not only acknowledged the effect that fiction
could have on readers, he proclaimed that it should affect readers."( Bonetti
58) Thus, when Carver writes about intimate relationships, the reader perceives
the stories as more than entertainment or skillful language; the reader relates
to the characters' situations and applies the knowledge to their own lives. It
is within this realm of character affirmation that Carver draws a much more
elaborate, and meaningful detail in his short stories. I propose that Carver's
characters either connect or fail to connect on an intimate, spiritual level.
It is this difference in his short stories which either draw the reader into or
away from the meaning. These relations make certain writings in Carver's stories
more interesting.
More directly, it is the communion in his later writings, and the
disjunction in his earlier writings, that distinguish the two types of styles.
Communion within the characters of Carver's later writings, as in his
collections in Cathedral, create much more depth and interest in his stories.
It is within this scope of communion that Carver's stories seem to become more
fulfilling with character affirmation.
Communion occurs in Carver's stories when several conditions are
satisfied. The difference in the two criteria; communion and disjunction, is
simply defined. "Communion, n 1. A sharing of thoughts or feelings 2. a A
religious or spiritual fellowship." (Websters, 141) It is a connection
between characters which allows them to transcend the ordinary and redefine
themselves. A moment in which words, actions, and objects take on exaggerated
significance . Carver uses this bond between characters in his later writings
more directly, such as in his anthology Cathedral. You must first initialize
an intimate interaction between two or more characters who can communicate---
either verbally or physically. If an individual is still projecting his/her
personality onto another, that individual has not experienced the loss of self-
awareness which is necessary for communion. Another important element for this
experience is touch. The characters who gain understanding of each other, touch
on ano ther. It is within these guidelines that I find Carvers stories to be
more interesting.
Disjointed on the other hand is near similarity in communion, in that it
contains the seed of communion which failed to grow. The protagonist achieves
some measure of success only to falter. Disjunction occurs when an opportunity
exists for the characters to change their lives in a small, spiritual way, and
they are unable to seize it. Even with the spiritual isolation that many of
Carvers characters hold, disjunction blocks me from the stories in that it
leaves me unfulfilled, distracts me from the main point. The transgression of
characters within stories, gives reader a greater insight into a spiritual
change of some sort, the lack thereof leaves something missing in the story. A
more influential meaning is gained when a connection of some sort is maid
between characters. As Carver said in a interview later in his life," In
fiction that matters the signifigance of the action inside the story translates
to the lives of the people out side the story" ( Davis 658)
Carver's life, or biography, bares a little insight into his phases, or
different stages in which he wrote his different types of stories and poems.
Carver lived most of his life in a world which could not provide the luxury of
spiritual affirmation. He grew up in Clatskanie, Oregon to working class-
parents in a alcoholic home where reading material was limited to Zane Gray
novels, and the newspaper. Following high school, Carver married his pregnant
high school sweet hart. His drinking became heavier. A list of meaningless
jobs followed , in which writing only provided a emotional outlet. During this
time, Carver's hard life may have instigated the disjunction he portrayed in
his earlier writings. Poverty and family problems continually interrupted his
work. Carver was constantly broke, filled for bankruptcy twice, and was fired
from his white collar job as a result of alcoholism. In 1977 he received a
National Book award nomination and had several stories published in various
magazines and book presses.
After 1977, when he met his second wife, Carver stopped drinking. This
is when his stories of disjunction become more developed. He published several
collections including What We Talk About When We Talk About Love. In May of
1983, Knopf published Cathedral, Carvers third major book of short stories.
This is where communion is illustrated in its more explicate form.
Unfortunately, due to poor health Carver could not further communion in his
writings, he became to sick to write. In the fall of 1987 doctors diagnosed
cancer and removed two-thirds of his left lung, later the cancer moved to his
brain where he underwent chemotherapy treatments. In early June, the cancer
reappeared. On August 2, 1988 Raymond Carver died in his new house in Port
Angeles, Washington. In an interview with critic William Stull, he explains
about a connection between fiction and reality.
I'm interested in the personal intimate relationships in life so why not
deal with these relationships in literature?…little experiences are important
underpinnings in our daily lives…They are, after all, something that we all
share—as readers, writers, and human beings…I don't think there should be any
barriers, artificial or otherwise, between life and it's written about. (Stull,
" Matters" 180)
The major task of my argument is to explain the reasons I feel Communion
is more significant. Similarly mentioned above, communion occurred later in
Carvers life therefore most of my argument shall be identifying with such
stories as " The Bridle " and " Cathedral" which seem to illustrate communion
in its most explicit form. Carvers earlier writings cope with disjunction in
various collections, such as in " Gazebo" and "Sacks", yet not all seem to
exemplify disjunction totally. Disjunction personifies a empty shell in the
characters, both spiritually and intimately.
Communion; oppositely, entices the reading, it shares a " communion "
between reader and character.
Disjunction

Disjunction occurs only when an opportunity exists for a change in a
character's life in a small, spiritual way, and they are unable to seize it.
Many of the characters in earlier writings cannot seize spiritual affirmation
because they cannot escape their isolation. This isolation creates a barrier
against the readers interaction within the story. Thus, at the moment of
disjunction they remain spiritually unchanged, provoking a loss in interaction
between reader and story. The underlying reason for a character's failure is
usually an inability to articulate the desire to change. The end result of this
lack of intimacy is that the characters exist like shells, without any care into
their own lives or relationships with others. This emptiness leaves the reader
coming up empty handed when seeking the motivation to pursue the story.
The story " Gazebo", from the collection What We Talk About When We Talk
About Love, contains a excellent example of disjunction. The story opens in a
motel suite, where the two main characters Duane and Holly, are drinking alcohol
and hashing out their marital problems. They end up generally stop caring for
one another and realize their " days are numbered, " both as hotel managers and
as a married couple. In the last few paragraphs, the couple decide the fate of
their marriage. Disjunction occurs when Duane attempts to convince Holly that
they have fond memories of the hotel. Holly does not respond because she has
surrendered hope of changing their circumstances. " I pray for a sign from
Holly. I pray for Holly to show me."(29) Paralyzed, Duane desperately wants to
communicate with his wife. Although he prays, it is not a spiritual connection
between God. Holly's desire to leave for Nevada comes full circle as the lack
of communication between the two is dissolved.
The characters illustrate disjunction by creating a barrier to
communicate their needs and feelings in a way which would results in a greater
mutual understanding and true sympathy. The disjunction leaves the reader very
distant from the story in that he/she cannot identify the exact problem in the
verbal gap. This lack of connection between characters transcends a sense of
frustration to interact within the story. A direct connection within characters
personifies the attention and interest one may feel within a story.
Disjunction leaves the story unfulfilled, so that when finished the reader feels
cheated not knowing the exact fate. Carver's mastering writings skills treat
this evidence of disjunction skillfully, yet the emptiness in the interaction
between characters leaves something missing from his earlier stories using this
method of theme.
Another example of disjunction lies between the characters in " Sacks",
from What We Talk About When We Talk About Love. The disjunction in this story
really creates a sense of frustration for the reader. The story deals with the
relationship between a father and son following the fathers divorce. Les
arranges to meet his father at a airport on his way to San Francisco, the two
haven't " talked " in some time. Consumed by shame and guilt, the father tells
his son about a affair he had years before.
I'll tell you, Les. I'll tell you what's the most important thing
involved here. You see, there are things. More important things than your mother
leaving me. Now, you listen to this…So there I am, almost naked with my clothes
in my hand, and Larry is opening the front door" ( What We Talk About When We
Talk About Love 44)
Les's father commands his son to listen, but Les cannot and will not.
Les ignores his father's pleas for understanding and companionship. This lack
of respect gives the story little felt sympathy for either character, especially
for Les in his situation. This barrier between the two transcends to the
reader's frustration he/she may place on either character, hence sheltering them
from the stories context. The communication gap personifies the notion of a
distance in the relationship. This distance between the two pushes the reader
from the story, destroying the felt compassion the father character may be
searching for. Les has rejected his fathers pleas both literally and
figuratively. Thus, the opportunity for communication and communion is lost.
The story ends, in my opinion, not with a bang but with a whimper, a hasty
retreat, a failure to connect. The disjunction can be interpreted to play a
major role in Carver's meaning within such a story. The contribution he gives
to the story is to personify a very flat character relationship. This method
to draw in the reader seems very ordinary and plain, it lacks the intermingling
that touched characters project within a story.

Communion

Later in Carvers writings he began to explore with communion, a
spiritual and emotional bond which results when individuals communicate and
reach a conscious understanding of one another. Carvers characters reach
communion as a spiritual reward for their suffering. Communion becomes more
evident in the collection of short stories Cathedral. The characters in the
communal stories achieve flow experiences as a result of one constant element:
communication, verbal and nonverbal. Touch is important because it presents
concrete evidence of a spiritual and emotional connection. It is within this
scope, and demand in writing that Carvers stories really draw the reader within
the world of the story. A much deeper emotional feeling is felt when a
connection amongst the characters is reached.
The story, " The Bridle" uses touch to instigate verbal communication.
The story unveils as a woman and her family rent a apartment from Marge, and her
husband, Harley. Betty, the tenant pays with crisp bills, which Marge
Continues for 9 more pages >>




  • Abortion
    abortion Click Here to Visit our Sponsor Abortion Life or Death Who Chooses? In Roman times, abortion and the destruction of unwanted children was permissible, but as out civilization has aged, it seems that such acts were no longer acceptable by rational human beings, so that in 1948, Canada along with most other nations in the world signed a declaration of the United Nations promising every human being the right to life. The World Medical Association meeting in Geneve at the same time, sta
  • HG Wells
    HG Wells H.G. Wells writings were influenced by things such as Darwinism, the first World War, and involved extensive predictions, futuristic inventions, and humor. Herbert George Wells was born in Bromely, Kent, England in 1866. His father was a shopkeeper, and his mother was a house keeper. While Wells attended Morleys School in Bromely, most of his education came from reading. In 1874 Wells started reading lots of books while he was laid up in bed with a broken leg. From 1880 to 1883 Wells
  • Juilus and Ethel Rosenberg
    Juilus and Ethel Rosenberg The outcome of the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Trial for espionage in 1951 and their subsequent execution in 1953 was directly related to the political climate at that time. The governments evidence against the Rosenbergs was not over whelming but due to a combination of fear and political pressure the guilty verdict was inevitable. Even though Julius did not deliver the secrets of the bomb to Moscow and nor did they cause the Korean war, as Judge Kaufman claimed, they
  • Student1
    student1 SD 1 The Storm Since the beginning of time, men and women have felt passion for each other. As time has past, many authors have written about the overwhelming feelings that can occur between humans and the power of lust. It is the search for pleasure, for feeling alive, and for feeling like a passionate human being. Kate Chopin describes these emotions in "The Storm" a story that can be compared with similar themes of today. First, after many years of marriage, couples might lose the fe
  • The truman show
    the truman show The Truman show: Is life a Truman show? By saying that life is a Truman show, Im saying that life is perfectly planned, with a structure and a fixed destinyit may even be a lie. The Truman show is a movie in which the main character is the protagonist of a show without knowing anything. Truman is being filmed twenty four hours a day, but he doesnt know it. Everyone he knows, are actors and are with him only because they are paid for doing so. This surely seems very different t
  • VEssay submitted by Unknown
    AH VEssay submitted by Unknown Early Life Born in Monroeville, Alabama, on April 28, 1926, Nelle Harper Lee is the youngest of three children of Amassa Coleman Lee and Francis Lee. Before his death, Miss Lee\'s father and her older sister, Alice, practiced law together in Monroeville. When one considers the theme of honor that runs throughout Miss Lee\'s novel, it is perhaps significant to note that her family is related to Confederate General Robert E. Lee, a man especially noted for his devoti
  • Beloved
    Beloved BELOVED Toni Morrison was born in Loraine, Ohio on February 18, 1931. She has accomplished many things from then until now. From writing several books to being a trustee of the National Humanities Center, she finds the time to remain grounded and stable. She has written many books, one namely Beloved which focuses on one womans trials and tribulations. Beloved is about a woman named Sethe, now living in the Reconstruction-era farming country of Ohio. Proud and beautiful, she escaped fro
  • Charles Dickens
    Charles Dickens Charles Dickens Dickens has always presented problems for literary criticism. For theorists whose critical presuppositions emphasize intelligence, sensitivity and an author in complete control of his work the cruder aspects of his popular art have often proved an insurmountable obstacle, while for the formulators of traditions his gigantic idiosyncrasies can never be made to conform. If difficulties such as these have been overcome by the awareness that Dickens sets his own stand
  • Edgar Allen Poe
    Edgar Allen Poe 2/96 The short story writer which I have chosen to research is Edgar Allen Poe. After reading one of his works in class, I realized that his mysterious style of writing greatly appealed to me. Although many critics have different views on Poe\'s writing style, I think that Harold Bloom summed it up best when he said, "Poe has an uncanny talent for exposing our common nightmares and hysteria lurking beneath our carefully structured lives. " ( 7) For me, this is done through his us
  • John F Kennedy in Vietnam
    John F Kennedy in Vietnam JOHN F. KENNEDY IN VIETNAM There are many critical questions surrounding United States involvement in Vietnam. American entry to Vietnam was a series of many choices made by five successive presidents during these years of 1945-1975. The policies of John F. Kennedy during the years of 1961-1963 were ones of military action, diplomacy, and liberalism. Each of his decision was on its merits at the time the decision was made. The belief that Vietnam was a test of the Ameri
  • Muckrakers
    muckrakers Muckraking was a powerful journalistic force, whose supporters made it become so. Muckraking was the practice of writers and critics exposing corrupt politicians and business practices. President Theodore Roosevelt made the term "muck-raker" popular. He once said The man with the muck-rake, the man who could look no way but downward with the muck-rake in his hands; who was offered a celestial crown for his muckrake, but who would neither look up nor regard the crown he was offered, bu
  • Uncletomscabin
    uncletomscabin Analysis of Uncle Toms Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe The book, Uncle Tom\'s Cabin, is thought of as a fantastic, even fanatic, representation of Southern life, most memorable for its emotional oversimplification of the complexities of the slave system, says Gossett (4). Harriet Beecher Stowe describes her own experiences or ones that she has witnessed in the past through the text in her novel. She grew up in Cincinnati where she had a very close look at slavery. Located on the
  • Washington irving
    washington irving Irving, Washington (1783-1859), American writer, the first American author to achieve international renown, who created the fictional characters Rip Van Winkle and Ichabod Crane. The critical acceptance and enduring popularity of Irving\'s tales involving these characters proved the effectiveness of the as an American literary form. Born in New York City, Irving studied law at private schools. After serving in several law offices and traveling in Europe for his health from 1804
  • James Decartes
    James Decartes World War I left many families dead, creating large numbers of orphans. Jamaie (later to become James) Decartes was one of those orphans. His father died in the trenches in France, and his mother was stolen away, never to be seen again. James was 14 when this happened, he hid under floor boards when his mother was taken away. His humble french hometown village, was over run with german foot traffic, traveling to and from the front line. James decided this was no life for him, so
  • Partial Birth Abortion
    Partial Birth Abortion The Medical, Legal, Social, and Ethical Issues involved in Floridas partial-birth abortion law Damien Dominicis Anthropology 2301 Partial-birth abortion also known, as D & E for dilation and extraction was first used and developed by Dr. James McMahon, who performed the procedure well into the last trimester of pregnancy. These women discovered late in their pregnancies that they were carrying babies that could not survive outside their wombs. They decided to do what wa
  • Gil Kane Essay
    Gil Kane Essay Gil Kane Eli Katz was born in Latvia on April 6, 1926. His family emigrated to New York in 1929, while he was still 3 years old. An avid reader of comics and pulps, gil broke into the comic field in 1941 as an assistant in the Jack Binder shop erasing pencils and eventually became an inker and penciler while still there Also during this time he began drawing comics for MLJ, the publishers of Archie. He drew the Scarlet Avenger for almost two years at MLJ and at the same time free-
  • Black holes
    black holes stence. The Search for Black Holes: Both As A Concept And An Understanding For ages people have been determined to explicate on everything. Our search for explanation rests only when there is a lack of questions. Our skies hold infinite quandaries, so the quest for answers will, as a result, also be infinite. Since its inception, Astronomy as a science speculated heavily upon discovery, and only came to concrete conclusions later with closer inspection. Aspects of the skies which at
  • Black holes
    black holes stence. The Search for Black Holes: Both As A Concept And An Understanding For ages people have been determined to explicate on everything. Our search for explanation rests only when there is a lack of questions. Our skies hold infinite quandaries, so the quest for answers will, as a result, also be infinite. Since its inception, Astronomy as a science speculated heavily upon discovery, and only came to concrete conclusions later with closer inspection. Aspects of the skies which at
  • Daniel Keyes
    Daniel Keyes Daniel Keyes was born in Brooklyn in 1927. Once an editor, he married a fashion photographer and had 2 daughters. Keyes was once an English teacher at Midwood High School for 6 years after getting his Bachelors and Masters Degree at Brooklyn College. He was also the junior commissioner for Wayne State University in Michigan. Keyes won the Hugo award in Science Fiction for his short story, Flowers for Algernon. After winning that, Flowers for Algernon was bought and made into a made
  • Edgar Allen Poe
    Edgar Allen Poe Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston, grew up in Richmond, Virginia, and lived in six Eastern cities. His father was David Poe, a Baltimore actor. His actress mother, Elizabeth came to the United States as a kid. The parents were not that talented; they played small roles in rather third-rate theatrical companies. Because they both had small parts they barely managed to make a living. Edgar was the second of their three children. When the third child was born, the father died, or d
  • Ernest Hemmingway
    Ernest Hemmingway Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was the owner of a prosperous real estate business. His father, Dr. Hemingway, imparted to Ernest the importance of appearances, especially in public. Dr. Hemingway invented surgical forceps for which he would not accept money. He believed that one should not profit from something important for the good of mankind. Ernest\'s father, a man of high ideals, was very strict and censored the books h
  • F Scott Fitzgerald
    F Scott Fitzgerald Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald once said "Mostly we authors must repeat ourselvesthat\'s the truth. We have two or three experiences in our lives experiences so great and moving that it doesn\'t seem at the time that anyone else has been so caught up" (de Koster n. pag.). Fitzgerald\'s works contain many themes that are based from experiences in his life. Many of these experiences he talks about were with the women in his life. People like his mother, Ginerva King, and Zelda S
  • Hemingway
    Hemingway ERNEST HEMINGWAY BIOGRAPHY On the date of July 21, 1899 Ernest Hemingway, a now known brilliant writer, was born. Hemingway was conceivably the only writer to achieve the combination of international celebrity and literary stature in the twentieth century. Hemingway was brought up in the village of Oak Park, Illinois, close to the prairies and woods west of Chicago. Both here and in Michigan, he could explore, camp, fish and hunt with his father, Dr. Clarence Hemingway. In Chicago he w
  • Herbert George Wells
    Herbert George Wells Herbert George Wells was born in 1866 in Bromley, Kent, a few miles from London, the son of a house-maid and gardener. Wells died in 1946, a wealthy and famous author, having seen science fiction become a recognized literary form and having seen the world realize some of science fictions fondest dreams and worst fears. Wells mother attempted to find him a safe occupation as a draper or chemist. Wells had a quick mind and a good memory that enabled him to pass subjects by ex
  • Jack London
    Jack London INTRODUCTION Jack London (1876-1916) was easily the most successful and best-known writer in America in the first decade of the 20th century. He is best known for his books, The Call of the Wild, White Fang, and The Sea-Wolf, and a few short stories, such as "To Build a Fire" and "The White Silence." He was a productive writer whose fiction traveled through three lands and their cultures such as the Yukon, California, and the South Pacific. His most famous writings included war, boxi
  • Jimi Hendrix
    Jimi Hendrix On November 27, 1942, Jimi Hendrix was born as John Allen Hendrix in Washington at Seattle General Hospital. His childhood was not a privileged one, however, he did indulge himself in one particular way: Jimi loved to play the guitar. At first he played an old acoustic, and later a cheap Silvertone electric, which were both strung for a lefty on a right-handed guitar, one of the defining Hendrix traits (Murray 34- 5) . As a teenager, young Jimi listened to the music which affected h
  • John Steinbeck
    John Steinbeck John Steinbeck was born in February 27, 1902 in Salinas, California. Salinas was an agricultural valley in California. His father was the county treasurer and his mother was a schoolteacher. This is where his education began from a mother that encouraged him to read. The community was a comfortable environment for him to live in because of the encouragement of independence and initiative. His parents didnt want him to be a writer. They wanted him to have a true profession as a la
  • Jules Verne The Father of Science Fiction
    Jules Verne The Father of Science Fiction Jules Verne: The Father of Science Fiction The father of Science Fiction, a visionary French novelist, a short story writer, and a dramatist. This is the essence of the man we know today as Jules Verne. In his voluminous writings he foresaw a number of scientific devices and developments that were more than a century ahead of his time. Some of the inventions he imagined were created later in his lifetime, but some are still to be invented. He wrote over
  • Kafka
    kafka Franz Kafka was born in Prague, Bohemia, July 3, 1883 and died June 3, 1924 of tuberculosis at the age of 40. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father was a shopkeeper and tried to climb up the social ladder by working hard at his shop and sending Franz to a prestigious German high school. He went on to get a law degree and worked for two insurance companies (not at the same time) When his .tuberculosis got bad in 1917 he was put on temporary retirement with a pension. German
  • Kate Chopin
    Kate Chopin Kate Chopin is a brilliant writer. Her writing career is during the late 1800s. She lives in a time where women are sexually suppressed and their opinions are not valued. Her writing holds more in common with our time than the time just after the Civil War. Although her life was full of death, she still lived as happy a life as she could by writing in such a bold and daring way. Kate Chopin was born as Catherine OFlaherty. She was born July 12, 1850. She is the daughter of Thomas a
  • Kate Chopin1
    Kate Chopin1 Kate Chopin gives a great deal of thought in her literature to issues that she views as important. She was encouraged not to become a "useless" wife; she was also involved in the idea of becoming an independent woman (LeBlanc 1). Kate Chopin is a well-known American writer. Kate Chopin was born on February 8, 1851, in St. Louis, Missouri. At the age of 53, on August 22, 1904, she died due to cerebral hemorrhage (Hoffman 1-2). Kate is the daughter of Eliza Faris OFlaherty and Thomas
  • Kerouac A Failure in his own eyes
    Kerouac A Failure in his own eyes Kerouac: A Failure in His Own Eyes Jack Kerouac was the spark that started the flame of the Beat Generation though, through his own eyes, he felt like a failure. Jack keyed the term beat generation in a conversation with John Clellon Holmes, another of the beat generation poets, in 1948 (). The Beat Generation might not have happened without the help of Jack. What formed him into the blunt writer that he was, was his loving family, the death of his brother, mo
  • Langston Hughes
    Langston Hughes Langston Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri into an abolitionist family. He was the grandson of Charles Henry Langston. His brother was John Mercer Langston, who was the the first Black American to be elected to public office in 1855. Hughes attended Central High School in Cleveland, Ohio, but began writing poetry in the eighth grade, and was selected as Class Poet. His father didn\'t think he would be able to make a living as a writer. His father paid his tuition to Columbia Un
  • Margaret Atwood
    Margaret Atwood MARGARET ATWOOD "There is so much silence between the words..." SOCI 4019 September 29, 1999. An Overview of Works, Styles, and Themes Margaret Atwood has written a great number of novels and other forms of literature. The major press editions are as follows: WORKS Poetry 1964, The Cirle Game 1968, The Animals in That Country 1970, The Journals of Susanna Moodie 1970, Procedures for Underground 1971, Power Politics 1974, You are Happy 1978, Selected Poems 1978, Tw
  • Mario Puzo
    Mario Puzo Mario Puzo (1920-1999) American novelist, best-known for his Godfather saga. The novel stayed on The New York Times\' best-seller list for sixty-seven weeks. Puzo\'s book had a deep impact on American society through its film adaptation, and the saying about "I\'ll make him an offer he can\'t refuse" has became a clich. Mario Puzo was born into an immigrant family in New York City in the area known as \'Hell\'s Kitchen\'. His father was a railway trackman. Puzo lived with his six bro
  • Karen Ginsberg
    poe Karen Ginsberg Mrs. Daniels Enc1102 4/10/98 Elements of Fiction in Poe=s Writing Edgar Allan Poe was an artist of literature. He was one of the greatest thriller/story tellers that America has known. He was known as "a seminal figure in the development in science fiction and the detective story. His writing came to have enormous importance for modern French literature" (X, John Richardson). Edgar Allan Poe wasn\'t out to frighten his audience. According to Peithman, his interest for his audi
  • Karen Ginsberg
    poe Karen Ginsberg Mrs. Daniels Enc1102 4/10/98 Elements of Fiction in Poe=s Writing Edgar Allan Poe was an artist of literature. He was one of the greatest thriller/story tellers that America has known. He was known as "a seminal figure in the development in science fiction and the detective story. His writing came to have enormous importance for modern French literature" (X, John Richardson). Edgar Allan Poe wasn\'t out to frighten his audience. According to Peithman, his interest for his audi
  • Ray Bradbury biography
    Ray Bradbury biography Ray Bradbury Biography U.S. author, born in Waukegan, Ill., on Aug. 22, 1920. In his stories, Bradbury wove together the intrigue of changing technology with insightful social commentary. One of his best-known works was \'The Martian Chronicles; a collection of interrelated stories concerning colonization of the planet Mars those attracted readers both young and old. In it, Bradbury portrayed the strengths and weaknesses of human beings as they encountered a new world. Ra
  • Research Paper on Ernest Hemingway
    Research Paper on Ernest Hemingway There are some things which cannot be learned quickly, and time, which is all we have, must be paid heavily for their acquiring. They are the simplest things, and because it takes a mans life to know them, the little now that each man gets from life, is very costly and the only heritage he has to leave. Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller Papa Hemingway Ernest Hemingway is easily reconized by many scholars and outdoorsman because of his lifestyle. During his li
  • Roald Dahl
    Roald Dahl Everything in Dahl\'s books includes either scary fiction or adventure. In 1973 Dahl was awarded for Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. The book in its time was very popular for children. Between 1980 and 1990, over eleven million of his children\'s books were sold in paperback form-considerably more than the total number of children born there in the same period. I will discuss Roald Dahl\'s life, his book Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, and how you can apply his stories to you li
  • Terror ink
    terror ink Stephen Edwin King is one of today\'s most popular and best selling writers. King combines the elements of psychological thrillers, science fiction, the paranormal, and detective themes into his stories. In addition to these themes, King sticks to using great and vivid detail that is set in a realistic everyday place. Stephen King who is mainly known for his novels, has broadened his horizons to different types of writings such as movie scripts, nonfiction, autobiographies, children\'
  • Theodore Dreiser
    Theodore Dreiser Theodore Dreiser Theodore Dreiser was born August 27, 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana. The younger brother of Paul Dresser, a well-known songwriter, Theodore was a famous novelist known for his outstanding American writing of naturalism. He was also a leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of real-life subject matter. Even though a majority of his works were about his life exper
  • Tolkien Historian of Middleearth
    Tolkien Historian of Middleearth John Ronald Reuel Tolkien is remembered for his imaginative writings and the lasting creation of Middle-earth world. However, he was also a great scholar and linguist, holding the position of the Rawlingson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford University. His writings owe much of its power to his ocean of knowledge about European languages and a deep understanding and appreciation of the art of storytelling and myths. His books have been translated int
  • 1984 as am Anti Utopian Novel
    1984 as am Anti Utopian Novel 1984 as an Anti-Utopian Novel A utopia is an ideal or perfect community. While some writers have created fictional places that embody their ideals societies, other writers have written satires that ridicule existing conditions of society, or anti-utopias, which show possible future societies that are anything but ideal. In 1984 , George Orwell presents a terrifying picture of future as life under the constant surveillance of Big Brother. This book 1984 is an anti-
  • 1984 fact or fiction misc 12 00
    1984 fact or fiction misc 12 00 Since the onset of the United States, Americans have always viewed the future in two ways; one, as the perfect society with a perfect government, or two, as a communistic hell where free will no longer exists and no one is happy. The novel 1984 by George Orwell is a combination of both theories. On the "bad" side, a communist state exists which is enforced with surveillance technology and loyal patriots. On the "good" side, however, everyone in the society who was
  • 1984 Sexuality and the Search for Truth
    1984 Sexuality and the Search for Truth Sexuality and the Search For Truth in Orwells Nineteen Eighty-Four The question of the existence of human nature has been a popular topic in modern literary works. Authors such as Shelly and Freud seem to agree that there is such a thing, however, they disagree on its attributes. Orwell also believes that human nature does exist but he takes it a step further than simply acknowledging its existence. Rather, in 1984 he uses such themes as truth and sexuali
  • 19844 misc 12 00
    19844 misc 12 00 1984 by George Orwel is a dramatic novel portraying a restricted society. Winston Smith is a thin, 39 year-old man who wears blue Party coveralls. Winston is sick of the Party\'s rigid control over his life and world, and begins trying to rebel against the Party--writing defiant thoughts in a secret diary and starting an illegal affair with Julia. Julia a beautiful dark-haired girl working in the Fiction Department at the Ministry of Truth. A mysterious and powerful member of th
  • 19847 misc 12 00
    19847 misc 12 00 1984 as an Anti-Utopian Novel A utopia is an ideal or perfect community. While some writers have created fictional places that embody their ideals societies, other writers have written satires that ridicule existing conditions of society, or anti-utopias, which show possible future societies that are anything but ideal. In 1984 , George Orwell presents a terrifying picture of future as life under the constant surveillance of Big Brother. This book 1984 is an anti-utopian novel
  • A Date with Kosinski
    A Date with Kosinski A Date with Kosinski Being James Bond is every man\'s dream. The beautiful women, fancy cars, dangerous journeys, and beautiful women. Many men would love to be in his place where all the danger and excitement take place. We don\'t have that capability to become an international spy, but in the novel, "Blind Date" by Jerzy Kosinski, we are exposed to a life similar to that of James Bond. He goes through secret negotiations. Jerzy Kosinski\'s use of words greatly contributes
  • A killing frost
    a killing frost John Marsden\'s A Killing Frost passes all three of my tests (and please forgive my purposefully hazy focus on "good writing", but I must have some quirks as a book reviewer!). Sensory detail pervades this novel of war, told from the point of view of a teenager who, with her friends, becomes a partisan against an intractable enemy that has invaded her homeland. The homeland in question is Australia, and we are treated to a gorgeous anthology of landscapes and how they affect the