Dna Computing The Future Or The End

This essay has a total of 1600 words and 11 pages.

Dna Computing The Future or the End



DNA Computing,
The Future or the End?


The future of computers is in the hands of the next
century. The evolution of the Computer Age has become a
part of everyday life, and as time proceeds, people are
depending more and more on computer technology. From
controlling a small wrist watch to the largest
super-computers that can calculated the center of the
universe, computers are essential for everyone in modern
societies. Even most societies outside of the civilized
world are not immune to computer technology because they
do not have to own a computer to be effected by one. Many
cultures, and their futures are subjects to the computer
age without even being aware of it. Most anything that
has been produced, one way or another, is controlled,
scanned, processed, or moved around by some type of
computer to manufacture that product for availability in
the market. When a consumer goes to purchase these
products, their currency will be stored in a cash
register that will most likely be a type of computer. The
availability of computers has changed, and is changing
everything we once knew. There are faster ways of being
discovered to manufacture goods or control traffic of
those goods everyday. A quicker and better equipped
computer would complete a task in minutes when in the
past the simple task-procedure may have taken weeks,
months, or even years to accomplish manually.
One of the most recent and fascinating discoveries
was a “DNA” based computer. Just as we create
mathematical computers, computers affect our biological
lives. The connection of the two may have finally been
conceived. “Despite their respective complexities,
biological and mathematical operations have some
similarities: The very complex structure of a living
being is the result of applying simple operations to
initial information encoded in a DNA sequence; All
complex math problems can be reduced to simple addition
and subtraction(Friedman).” Incredibly, information is
stored in actual strands of DNA. This discovery will
revolutionize the future of computers. With the rate of
technology the human race has acquired in this century,
this new type of DNA technology could make computers of
many types smaller than most people could imagine. A
compact disk with the DNA encoding could have ten times
the storing capabilities as a any CD produced in the
world today. This new technology also uses nerve type
impulses which greatly accelerate the speed of stored
information to be utilized by the computer. It is
possible, that every computer we come in contact with
will be revolutionized by this newly found resource in
technology and this could create unheard of amounts of
information storage space on even a simple PC. This
discovery could create more room to expand and introduce
increased functions to satisfy customer needs to the
fullest extent (Halper 122).
The mere idea of DNA based computing became known
about only a few years ago on November 11, 1994, when
Leonard Adleman published an article of the subject in
the acclaimed weekly journal, Science. The article
described: “Molecular Computation of Solutions of
Combinatorial Problems,” was Adleman’s documentation of
the first successful though small-scale attempt at
designing a DNA based computer. Some critics believe that
this context would be a fluke and expected Adleman would
fail. To their surprise, they later found a great
possibility that this new technology could easily be
reproduced. However it will be after the end of the
twentieth century before the bulk of the possibilities
can be learned about DNA computing. DNA computing is just
over three years old, and for this reason, it is too
early for either great optimism or great pessimism about
the technology. Early computers such as ENIAC filled
entire rooms, and had to be programmed by punch cards.
Since that time, computers have since become much smaller
and easier to use. DNA computers will become more common
for solving very complex problems; Just as DNA cloning
and sequencing were once manual tasks, DNA computers will
now become automated.
The first model, of small scale, could restore memory and
calculate twice as fast as the worlds leading
super-computer, for a very economical price. Thus
creating endless possibilities of the use of DNA
computing for big business, government and many other
types of organizations (Baum 583).
Once the bulk of its possibilities have been studied
and learned the dawn of DNA based computers would cause
the super-computers of tomorrow to be able to handle far
more tasks and information than the computers of today.
Computers today can only handle a few thousand tasks or
operations at the same time, whereas DNA based computers
will have the capabilities to perform billions of
functions simultaneously. This new technology will have
the impact on present day computers as the light-bulb had
on the oil lantern.
Adleman explains his view of how the technology works
along these lines:
“For the same reasons that DNA was presumably
selected for living organisms as a genetic material, its
stability and predictability in reactions, DNA strings
can also be used to encode information for mathematical
systems. A single flask might hold 10 to the 19th power
to 10 to the 20th power, strands of DNA, each encoding a
string of data in its sequence of Nucleotides. T

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