Dont read me Essays and Papers

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dont read me

Kant's Ethics

In the Metaphysics of Ethics (1797) Kant described his ethical system, which is based on a
belief that the reason is the final authority for morality. Actions of any sort, he
believed, must be undertaken from a sense of duty dictated by reason, and no action
performed for expediency

or solely in obedience to law or custom can be regarded as moral. Kant described two types
of commands given by reason. The first was hypothetical imperative, which dictates a given
course of action to reach a specific end, and the categorical imperative, which dictates a
course of action that must be followed because of its rightness and necessity. The
categorical imperative is the basis of morality and was stated by Kant as "Act as if the
maxim of your action were to become through your will a general natural law."

Kant's broke his rule based ethics down into two parts. The first being hypothetical
imperative reason. It is a method in which we try to attainan end such as happiness. The
hypothetical imperative includes the ability to lie under certain circumstances when it is

The hypothetical imperative also exerts heteronomy of the will, in that the will is
following desire which is dictating to the will what to do. The categorical imperative
requires the autonomy of the will, as the categorical imperative requires that we make
choices to follow universal laws, and that we are not doing something because we will get
something else from it.

Kant emphasizes the importance of rationality in being moral by calling moral beings
"rational beings." To find what is moral through the categorical imperative requires
reason and logic and for the consequences of an action for be thoroughly thought through.
This requires that a rational being have a certain set of similar characteristics. A
rational being must firstly be rational, logical, and objective, not led about by desire
and moral feeling. He must also be introspective in order that he recognize that an act
must be thought through to determine whether or not it is moral. This requires a certain
degree of "hyper- consciousness." Intuition is also a requirement of the rational being,
as he must be able to make connections. It also requires that the rational being try to be
objective and consider many possible courses of actions. Finally, a rational being must
have a certain degree of high intelligence in order for what he reasons to be moral,
correct, and veridical. To be a rational being requires not only the innate ability to be
rational, introspective/hyper- conscious, andintuitive, but it requires a certain degree
of intellectual and psychological intelligence that allows the individual to make use of
the above qualities by being able to make connections and to relate.

As humans I think we have a hard time living up to the moral demands of Kant's philosophy.
Continues for 2 more pages >>

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