Doryphoros by Polykleitos Essay

This essay has a total of 591 words and 3 pages.

Doryphoros by Polykleitos

Doryphoros by Polykleitos
Sculptors of the Early and High Classical Grecian periods in art strived for perfection in
creating the human form. They combined such features such as regular facial features,
smooth skin, and particular body portions into an ideal of perfect beauty. Much as modern
day advertisement has idealized the slender model as the new perfect female form.

One such artist of the time was named Polykleitos of Argos. He was a well-known sculptor
and art theorist. His aim in sculpting was to produce the perfect human figure using a
mathematical equation to sculpt the body parts. It is believed that he used a basic unit
ratio to measure the rest of the body parts. He set down his theory on the human for in a
treatise known as “The Canon” and created a larger than life size sculpture he named
“Doryphoros” and is now called “The Spear Bearer.” Unfortunately nobody knows exactly what
that unit of measurement was because neither his treatise nor his statue survived the

The Spear Bearer was created out of bronze, a popular medium at the time because of the
ability to show more movement in bronze than in marble, which was the traditional medium.
The Spear Bearer was one of the earliest statues to be show in the fully developed
contraposto position. Earlier Greek artisans came up with the idea of contraposto. This
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