Dreams Rem Essay

This essay has a total of 729 words and 3 pages.

Dreams Rem


Dreams are a form of cognitive activity that occur during sleep. Like vivid memories and
daytime fantasies, dreams involve visual images in the absence of external visual
stimulation. Some dreams are so realistic and well organized that we feel as though they
must be real-- that we simply cannot be dreaming this time.

Dreaming has always been the subject of controversy. Egyptian papyrus documents dating
back to 2000 BC discuss dreams and their interpretations. In ancient Greece the dreamer
was believed to be in contact with the gods.

In 1900, Sigmund Freud ushered in the modern age of dream research in his monumentally
original book The Interpretation of dreams. According to Freud, dreams have a meaning
which can be deciphered if one looks deeply enough. In his view, the dreams concerns the
dreamers past and present, and it arises from unknown regions within. He saw the dream as
significantly analogous to a hysterical symptom. On the surface, they both appear
meaningless and bizarre, but they become understandable when understood as

veiled expressions of an unconscious clash between competing motives.
Freud developed an elaborate theory and how the mind works while asleep. In 1953 sleep
researchers led by Nathaniel Kleitman made the important discovery of rapid eye
movement--or REM-- sleep. Curious about the long-standing observation that the eyeballs of
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