Driving Offences

This essay has a total of 1183 words and 6 pages.

Driving Offences


My research paper is on "Drinking and Driving Offences". In my paper I will tell you the
various kinds of drinking and driving offences, the penalties, and the defenses you can
make if you are caught drinking and driving.


Let me tell you about the different offences. There are six offences in drinking and
driving. They are "driving while impaired", "Having care and control of a vehicle while
impaired","Driving while exceeding 80 m.g.", "Having care and control of a vehicle while
exceeding 80 m.g.", "Refusing to give a breath sample", and "Refusing to submit to a
roadside screen test." These are all Criminal Code Offences.(Erwin p17)


Now lets talk about the penalties of drinking and driving. The sentence for refusing to
give a breath sample is usually higher than either of the exceeding 80 m.g. offences.
Consequently it is usually easier in the long run for you to give a breath sample if
asked. If, for example you are convicted of "Refusing to give a breath sample" for the
first time, but was earlier convicted of "Driving while impaired", your conviction for
"Refusing" will count as a second conviction, not a first,and will receive the stiffer
penalty for second offences.(Erwin p18)


For the first offence here is the penalty and the defenses you can make. Driving a vehicle
while your ability to drive is impaired by alcohol or drugs is one of the offences.
Evidence of your condition can be used to convict you. This can include evidence of your
general conduct, speech, and ability to walk a straight line or pick up objects. The
penalty of the first offences is a fine of $50.00 to $2000.00 and/or imprisonment of


up to six months, and automatic suspension of license for three months. The second offence
penalty is imprisonment for fourteen days to one year and automatic suspension of license
for six months. The third offence penalty is imprisonment for three months to two years
(or more) and automatic suspension of license for six months. These penalties are the same
for the following offences.(Purich p22)


"Having Care and Control of a Motor Vehicle while Impaired" is another offence. Having
care and control of a vehicle does not require that you be driving it. Occupying the
driver's seat, even if you did not have the keys, is sufficient. Walking towards the car
with the keys could be sufficient. Some defenses are you were not impaired, or you did not
have care and control because you were not in the driver's seat, did not have the keys,
etc. It is not a defense that you registered below 80 m.g. on the breathalyzer test.
Having care and control depends on all circumstances.(Purich p24)


Driving While Exceeding 80 m.g. is the next offence. Driving a vehicle, having consumed
alcohol in such a quantity that the proportion of alcohol in your blood exceeds 80
milligrams of alcohol in 100 milliliters of blood. Some defenses are the test was
administered improperly, or the breathalyzer machine was not functioning properly.(Erwin
p20)


"Having Care and control of a Motor Vehicle while Exceeding 80 m.g," is the next offence I
will talk about. This offence means having care and control of a vehicle whether it is in
motion or not, having consumed alcohol in such a quantity that


the proportion of alcohol in your blood exceeds 80 milligrams of alcohol in 100
milliliters of blood. The defenses are the test was administered improperly, or the
breathalyzer machine was not functioning properly. To defend against breathalyzer evidence
you must understand how the test should be administered. The proper procedure for a
breathalyzer test is as follows. Warming up the machine until the thermometer registers 50
degrees centigrade. This should take at least 10 minutes. The machine should then be
turned to zero (by using the "adjust zero control") and a comparison ampoule (of normal
air) inserted. If the metre remains at zero, the test can proceed. An ampoule with a
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