Du Bois vs. Cox Essay

This essay has a total of 1096 words and 6 pages.


Du Bois vs. Cox

Everyone has a different technique of evaluating the concept of race. The question that I
wanted to ask is how these writers are using their experiences to development their own
opinion. How did this concept of race develop into the immense issue we are facing now?
According to Oliver C. Cox, the origin of race relations starts with ideas of
ethnocentrism, intolerance, and racism. W. E. B. Du Bois said that if what want to find
the truth out about race we need to look at the history of the world past the last
centuries. The origin of race in my judgment as resulted from both history and the
concepts mentioned in Cox's opinion.

He was an African American sociologist. He has born on August 24, 1901. From Port of
Spain, Trinidad, Cox was one of eight children and was raised by his uncle Reginald who
was a teacher. He came to the United States and earned a degree in history and economics
in 1927 at Tuskegee Institute. The environment in Alabama frustrated him and he then
joined the faculty of Lincoln University in Jefferson City, Missouri in 1949. He stayed
there until 1970, when he joined the faculty of Wayne State University in Michigan.

Cox is best known for his attack on the "caste school of race relations," in later years
he argued his Marxist views of capitalism and race in three books: Foundations of
Capitalism (1959), Capitalism and American Leadership (1962), and Capitalism as a System
(1964). His final work was Jewish Self-Interest and Black Pluralism (1974). Oliver
Cromwell Cox died September 4, 1974. Compared to Cox one can tell how W.E.B. Du Bois' life
influenced the way he thinks and acts.

William Edward Burghardt (W.E.B.) Dubois was born on February 23, 1868 in Great
Barrington, Massachusetts. He was one of the most influential black leaders of the first
half of the 20th Century. Dubois shared in the founding of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People, or NAACP, in 1909. He served as its director of
research and editor of its magazine, "Crisis," until 1934. Dubois was the first African
American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1896. Between 1897 and 1914 Dubois
conducted numerous studies of black society in America, publishing 16 research papers. He
began his investigations believing that social science could provide answers to race
problems. Gradually he concluded that in a climate of virulent racism, social change could
only be accomplished by agitation and protest. At the turn of the century Dubois had been
a supporter of black capitalism. Throughout his career he moved steadily to the political
left. By 1905 he had been drawn to socialist ideas and remained sympathetic to Marxism
throughout his life. Dubois acted in support of integration and equal rights for everyone
regardless of race, but his thinking often exhibited a degree of black
separatist-nationalist tendencies. In 1961 Dubois became completely disillusioned with the
United States. He moved to Ghana, joined the Communist Party, and a year later renounced
his American Citizenship. August 27, 1963, on the eve of the March On Washington, Dubois
died in Accra, Ghana, shortly after becoming a Ghana citizen.

First, Oliver Cox must have been a smart man because in all of his books he used good
language. When I read Chapter four, in Theories of Race and Racism edited by Les Back and
John Solomos, I used terms such as ethnocentrism, I needed to figure what that meant. Just
my luck there was a definition in the essay. Ethnocentrism is a social attitude which
expresses a community o feeling in any group - the "we" feeling as over against the
"others" (B&S, May 09: 71). From a fine evaluation of the essay of Oliver Cox, The essay
present the point that races were developed so people could say that they belonged to one
particular group. Subsequent to, intolerance began to build up. People saw society as a
way of living, like a guideline to life. As people started to change these guidelines, the
world started to change their attitude about others. That is how now I can say that I am
better than another. After, people separate it is hard to become one again.

History has proven again and again that racism has existed for a long time. It was
mentioned in chapter five, in Theories of Race and Racism, how the criteria of race
differences were in the past been proposed as color, hair, and language (B&S, May 09:
79-80). In the past nations have divided because they have different views and opinions.
For example, Pakistan used to be apart of India, but because they did not get along India
divided. To this day, there is still a struggle calming down the conflict between the
Muslims and the Hindus in Northern India. In the middle east, there is a conflict over the
holy land, as so called. If we ask people to change their views they answer by saying they
did it before in the past. What happened in the past is like a green light for people to
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