Essay on Dust bowl

This essay has a total of 778 words and 4 pages.


dust bowl





The early 1900's were a time of turmoil for farmers in the United States, especially in
the Great Plains region. After the end of World War I, overproduction by farmers resulted
in low prices for crops. When farmers first came to the Midwest, they farmed as much
wheat as they could because of the high prices and demand. Of the ninety-seven acres,
almost thirty-two million acres were being cultivated. The farmers were careless in
their planting of the crop, caring only about profit, and they started plowing grasslands
that were not made for planting Because of their constant plowing year after year and the
lack of rainfall, the soil was quickly losing its fertility. With unfertile, dry land,
the wheat crop started dying, and then blowing away with wind. Due to the improper
farming, along with a long drought, dust storms made life in the Dust Bowl very
burdensome.

During the 1930's, the Great Plains was plagued with a drought, a long period of dryness,
which brought demise to many of the farmers in the region. This horrible drought started
in 1930, a year that saw heavy rains in a very short time, which cause flooding in many
areas of the Oklahoma Panhandle. The year continued to with horrible blizzards in the
winter and a drought into the late summer. Many of the farms in the Great Plains, losing
most of the crop, were greatly affected by the first droughts of the 1930's. The months
of July and August saw about a forty-percent decrease of precipitation compared to
previous years. From 1934 to 1936, A record drought hit the southwestern region. In 1934
the temperature was excruciatingly hot, causing many to die as a result of the heat.
1935 was a year where rainfall was very, very scarce. The heat began to rise at fast
rates in the summer of 1936, with many days reaching above 120 degrees. The drought,
along with the dust storms, were major reasons for poor farming in the Great Plains during
the early to mid-1930's.

Because of the drought, the ground became very dry in the Great Plains. This area, known
as the Dust Bowl, was a region of horrible dust storms during most of the 1930's. The
storms accompanied the drought and intensified the problems of the farmers. With the
drought, many fields were not in a situation to grow crops. Since the fields were so dry,
the topsoil would easily blow away with the passing wind. In 1932 many fields were
starting to be brutally damaged by the dust. The Oklahoma Panhandle was hit for
twenty-two straight days of dust storms, which created drifts everywhere. This flying
dirt killed off much of the crops. In a one-year span 139 days were considered to have
had dust storms. Even though the dirt storms were less common in 1934, it was the year in
which national attention was gained for the region because of the extreme heat. Also in
1934, approximately 350 million tons of soil was lost in just one storm. The following
year was a time of large, powerful dust storms. During the month of May in 1935, a storm
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