Earning Gap between men and women Essay

This essay has a total of 478 words and 2 pages.

Earning Gap between men and women

Earnings Gap
Earnings gap by gender can be explained by several different theories. Varying on the
individual views/opinions some theories may make more sense than others. In my opinion the
one theory that best explains this gap between genders is the occupational segregation.
There are some occupations that are female, and others that are male.

One of the explanations for this is the discontinuity of the female
participation/attachment in labor force. During their labor force participation, women
would need to take time off for child bearing. In order to ensure that she still has a job
when she comes back, she needs to choose a job with general skill level. As a result, the
jobs that require only a general skill level and not a lot of training will generally pay
less than the jobs with specialized skill and that involve a lot of training. Therefore,
because women have a tendency to movie in and out of the labor force, they choose jobs
that share common characteristic of general skill and training.

Furthermore, the occupational segregation explains the earnings gap with the notion of
gender roles. That is to say that certain jobs such a secretaries are pegged to be
occupations of the females, while the jobs such as lawyers have a tendency you be viewed
as male's occupation. Once explanation for this is that male occupations require
aggressiveness, strength, and endurance, while the female occupations require caring,
patience and empathy. In contrast the other explanation is that women choose certain
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