Easter rebellion Essay

This essay has a total of 736 words and 4 pages.


easter rebellion





The Easter Rebellion was an armed uprising of Irish nationalists against the rule of Great
Britain in Ireland. The uprising occurred on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, and centered
mainly in Dublin. The chief objectives were the attainment of political freedom and the
establishment of an Irish republic. Centuries of discontent, marked by numerous
rebellions, preceded the uprising. The new crisis began to develop in September 1914,
following the outbreak of World War I, when the British government suspended the recently
enacted Home Rule Bill, which guaranteed a measure of political autonomy to Ireland.
Suspension of the bill stimulated the growth of the Citizen Army, an illegal force of
Dublin citizens organized by the labor leader Jim Larkin (died 1948) and the socialist
James Connolly (1870-1916); of the Irish Volunteers, a national defense body; and of the
extremist Sinn Féin. The uprising was planned by leaders of these organizations among who
were the British consular agent Sir Roger David Casement, the educator Padhraic Pearse
(1879-1916), and the poet Thomas MacDonagh (1878-1916).


Irish liberation from British rule was achieved as the result of a struggle extending over
several centuries and marked by numerous rebellions. Following the Easter Rebellion, an
uprising of Irish nationalists on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, Sinn Féin became the most
influential political party in Ireland. This party, founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith, a
Dublin journalist, campaigned in the parliamentary election of 1918 on a program that
called for the severance of all ties with Great Britain, an end to the separatist movement
in Northern Ireland, and the establishment of an Irish republic. Candidates of Sinn Féin
won 73 of the 106 seats allotted to Ireland in the British Parliament.


In January 1919 the Sinn Féin members of Parliament assembled in Dublin as the Dáil
Éireann, or national assembly. Proclaiming the independence of Ireland, the Dáil forthwith
formed a government, with Eamon De Valera as president. There followed guerrilla attacks
by Irish insurgents, later called the Irish Republican Army (IRA), on British forces,
particularly the Royal Irish Constabulary, called the Black and Tans; and the British
instituted vigorous reprisals. In the course of the war, the British Parliament enacted,
in December 1920, a Home Rule Bill, providing separate parliaments for six counties of
Ulster Province and for the remainder of Ireland. By the terms of the bill, Great Britain
retained effective control of Irish affairs. The people of Northern Ireland, as the six
counties in Ulster Province were known, ratified the legislation in May 1921 and elected a
parliament. Although the rest of Ireland also elected a parliament in May, the Sinn
Feiners, constituting an overwhelming majority outside of Ulster, refused to recognize the
other provisions of the Home Rule Bill. The warfare against the British continued until
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