Eating Disorders1 Paper

This essay has a total of 611 words and 4 pages.


Eating Disorders1





Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are a growing problem in teenagers of today. According to an Association
of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders (ANAD) study, eighty-six percent of eating
disorder victims report their problem before the age of twenty. The two main types of
eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that usually strikes women.
There are about seven million women who have anorexia, and many of them will die of
complications. This disease is defined as self-starvation, leading to a body weight that
is 15% below normal. Accompanied with the weight loss are hyperactivity, hypothermia, and
amenorrhea. Hypothermia is when the body's natural insulation deteriorates and the person
becomes cold all the time. Amenorrhea is skipping at least three menstrual cycles.

Anorexia may be hard to detect. It often starts out as a regular diet. The affected
person often begins to engage in excessive exercise so they can loose more weight. In the
more dangerous stages of the disease, the victim usually wears baggy and layered clothes
to hide their condition. No matter how thin the victim becomes, she still feels too fat,
and continues to diet.

There are two sub-types of anorexia nervosa. The first is the restricting type. People
fitting this type do not engage in binge eating or purging. The second type, binge
eating/purging, is exactly the opposite. The victim does engage in binge eating and
purging.

One in ten cases of anorexia leads to death, either by starvation, cardiac arrest, or
suicide. There are many other less serious physical complications of anorexia. Victims
may suffer from dry skin, brittle nails, hypothermia, and anemia, just to name a few.
Anorexia does not just cause physical problems. Psychological complications are also
often obvious in anorexia victims. The majority of individuals with anorexia also suffer
from clinical depression. Obsessive-compulsive disorder, an illness characterized by
repetitive thoughts and behaviors, can also accompany anorexia. Individuals with anorexia
are typically compliant in personality but may have sudden outbursts of hostility and
anger or become socially withdrawn.

Bulimia nervosa is the other most common eating disorder. This disorder is also most
common in women. It is defined as an illness involving uncontrolled episodes of
overeating, or binging, usually followed by self-induced vomiting, or purging. These
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