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Jean Baptiste Camille Corot
Jean Baptiste Camille Corot was born in Paris on July 16, 1796. His mother managed a fashionable dress shop in Paris on the Rue du Bac and as a result he spent his first four years with a family near I'sleAdam, and until 1807 lived in a pension on the Rue Vaugirard. He was sent afterwards on scholarship to a school in Rouen, but did not adapt well to his new environment, and in 1812, his parents decided it would be best for him to return to Paris. When he finished his education in the village of Poissy, near Paris, his father insisted that he venture into business, and though he had expressed his desire to become an artist, Corot worked in several cloth merchant shops from 1815 until 1822. In 1822, his parents finally agreed to support him as an artist.
Corot's first teacher was Achile Etna Michallon, a landscapist who had studied in Rome. The time Corot spent with Michallon was brief, since Michallon died later that same year. His influence, however, was immense, for it was he who suggested to Corot to carefully study out-of-doors. Corot afterwards studied with Jean Victor Bertin, who had also been Michallon's teacher. In 1817, Corot's father bought a country home at Ville d'Avray, and the countryside became a tremendous source of inspiration for the young artist. With the financial support of his family, Corot traveled to Italy in 1825: his simple, direct interpretations of what he saw caused a stir among his colleagues, who included Leopold Robert, Schnetz and d'Aligny.
Corot left Rome in 1826 and traveled throughout much of Italy, returning to France in 1828, where he maintained a rigorous schedule throughout his life. During the winters he worked in his Paris studio, and devoted the summers to travel around France, recording his experiences with nature. Essentially ignored in the 1830s, Corot won important patrons and state commissions during the following ten years. In the l
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