Edith Stein Essay

This essay has a total of 755 words and 4 pages.


Edith Stein





Edith Stein
Edith Stein was born on October 12, 1891 , Yom Kippur, the Jewish day of Atonement in
Breslau Germany now Wroclaw Poland. She was born into an Orthodox Jewish family and was
the youngest of 11 children. When she was not yet 2 years of age, her father suddenly
died. This left Edith's mother to raise the seven remaining children since 4 had died in
childhood and manage the family business. She considered her mother an example of the
woman in Proverbs 31, who rises early to care for her family and trade in the marketplace.
At around the age of 13 she no longer practiced her Jewish faith and became an atheist
although she admired her mother's attitude of total openness towards God.

By studying philosophy Edith came to Christianity. She was one of the first women to be
admitted to university studies in Germany. She was an outstanding student. After leaving
the University of Breslau, she went to the University of Góttingin to study with Edmund
Husserl, the founder of phenomenology. She became interested in his philosophy and when he
moved to the University of Frieburg he invited Edith to join him there as his assistant.
She then received her doctorate in leading philosophers.

She went to visit one of her friends at their fruit farm. However her friend Hedwig
Conrad-Martius and her husband had to go away. Her husband took her to the bookcase before
their departure and told her to take her pick. Edith picked at random and took out a large
book titled, The Life of St. Teresa of Avila, written by herself. She began reading the
book and did not stop until she reached the end. As she closed the book she said, "That is
the truth." In the morning, Edith went into town to buy two things, a Catholic catechism
and a missal. She knew everything after she had studied them. She went into a Catholic
Church, the Parish Church at Bergzabem, to hear Mass for the first time. After the Mass
she went to the priest and asked him to baptize her. The priest told her that she needed
to be prepared to be received into the Church. He asked, "How long have you been receiving
instruction and who has been giving it?" The only thing Edith could say was, "Please, your
Reverence, test my knowledge." Edith did not fail in her answers and the Priest agreed to
baptize her. Edith asked her friend Hedwig Conrad-Martius to be her sponsor. The Baptism
was on New Years Day, January 1, 1922. She chose the name Teresa as a thanksgiving.

She then gave up her assistantship with Husserl and left to teach at a Dominican girls'
school in Speyer. While she was there she translated St. Thomas Aquinas' On Truth and
became familiar with Roman Catholic philosophy. In 1932, she left and became a lecturer at
the Institute for Pedagogy at Munster but had to resign in 1933 because of anti-Semitism,
the discrimination and persecution of Jews. In 1934 she became a Carmelite at the convent
of Cologne. She took the name Teresa Benedicta of the Cross. There she completed her first
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • Heidegger
    heidegger Heideggers Conceptual Essences Heideggers Conceptual Essences: Being and the Nothing, Humanism, and Technology Being and the Nothing are the same. The ancient philosopher Lao-tzu believed that the world entertains no separations and that opposites do not actually exist. His grounding for this seemingly preposterous proposition lies in the fact that because alleged opposites depend on one another and their definitions rely on their differences, they cannot possibly exist without each ot
  • Heidegger1
    heidegger1 Heideggers Conceptual Essences Heideggers Conceptual Essences: Being and the Nothing, Humanism, and Technology Being and the Nothing are the same. The ancient philosopher Lao-tzu believed that the world entertains no separations and that opposites do not actually exist. His grounding for this seemingly preposterous proposition lies in the fact that because alleged opposites depend on one another and their definitions rely on their differences, they cannot possibly exist without each o
  • Greek Roman godstructures
    Greek Roman godstructures Wherever we run across a morality we find an assessment and ranking of human drives and actions. These assessments and rankings always express the needs of a community and herd: whatever profits it in the first place-and in the second and third-is also the supreme measure of the value of all individuals. By means of morality, individuals are led to be functions of the herd and to attribute value to themselves as merely functions…morality is herd instinct in the individ
  • Husserl
    Husserl Phenomenology, by Edmund Husserl appears the text From Plato To Derrida, this paper is a overview of his life and works. In this paper I hope to better explain his theory on phenomenology and to share my thoughts on his writing. Edmund Husserl was born April 8, 1859, into a Jewish family in the town of Prossnitz in Moravia, then a part of the Austrian Empire. Although there was a Jewish technical school in the town, Edmund\'s father, a clothing merchant, had the means and the inclination
  • To what extent can I determine my own destiny
    To what extent can I determine my own destiny ‘To what extent can I determine my own destiny?\' Discuss in the light of theories, ideas and research encountered in the course. Do I act as I do through choice or are my actions influenced by factors beyond our control? This uncertainty has concerned psychologists for decades, consequently giving rise to the \'Autonomy versus Determinism\' debate. By definition, autonomy is the belief that we are free to make decisions and thus control all of our
  • Husserl
    Husserl Phenomenology, by Edmund Husserl appears the text From Plato To Derrida, this paper is a overview of his life and works. In this paper I hope to better explain his theory on phenomenology and to share my thoughts on his writing. Edmund Husserl was born April 8, 1859, into a Jewish family in the town of Prossnitz in Moravia, then a part of the Austrian Empire. Although there was a Jewish technical school in the town, Edmund\'s father, a clothing merchant, had the means and the inclination