Edwards V Aguiallard Essays, Book Reports, Term Papers

This essay Edwards V Aguiallard Essays, Book Reports, Term Papers has a total of 917 words and 9 pages.

Edwards v Aguiallard INTRODUCTION Edwards v Aguillard was a 1987 Supreme Court case centering around the constitutionality of a Louisiana statue requiring that creation science be taught along side of evolution in the public schools. WHY CASE SO IMPORTANT Evolution remains so controversial primarily because it is part of a larger debate over nature and the meaning of life. The study of how life began almost inevitably raises questions of why: Why did life begin? Why are humans rational? Why is there order in the universe? Men and women have debated these questions for thousands of years, considering them to be some of the most important inquiries human beings can undertake (Levy, Karst, West, 132). MAIN ISSUES Socially Is Creation Science scientific, irreligious, and factual, thus constitutionally permissible to teach in public schools? Can creation science be taught without promoting a particular religious belief, especially that human beings were created by a supernatural entity? Would academic freedom be gained by implementation of the act? Legally Is the Balanced Treatment Act constitutional under Establishment Clause? Or does it have a non-secular purpose by promoting religion? Did the lower court make a procedural error when they made their summary judgment without hearing any of the state's evidence? Does the bill promote fairness and academic freedom by requiring that "all truths be heard"? Or is it merely a ploy to get Genesis back into the schools? Does the legislative history of the case demonstrate that it has a religious purpose or not? Are previous judgments of the court in favor or against the statute? PROMINENT FIGURES IN THE CASE Many notable figures joined in the case, demonstrating the on-going prominence of the issue of evolution many years after the 1968 Epperson v AR trial that attempted to make it illegal to teach evolution in public schools. Since this time many proponents of the Genesis narrative felt that Christianity was slowing losing to the secular humanitarianism religion in public schools. One such believer was LA Senator Bill Keith. Sen. Keith introduced the bill in the LA in 1980. Governor of LA Jay Topkis of ACLU HISTORY OF CASE The Louisiana Balanced Treatment for Creation-Science and Evolution-Science in Public School Instruction Act was introduced in 1980 and passed by a 68 and 79% majority in the senate and house, respectively in 1981 At this point, (list appellees) sued to keep act from being enforced. At the same time, LA Dept. of Edu. Brought the issue of the constitutionality of the Act to the United States District Court for the Eastern Division of LA. The state found the act unconstitutional. Edwards then appealed to the 5th Circuit court of appeals. There a summary judgment held that the act promoted religion, and was thus in violation of the Tripart test of the Establishment Clau

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