Effects of religion on education Essay

This essay has a total of 866 words and 4 pages.


effects of religion on education






The Effect of Religion on Education

Religion has played an important part in the development of education ever since the
beginning, even before the creation of schools. The first schools, which were monasteries,
started around the Dark Ages, approximately 450 A.D.; Back then, education’s only
purpose was to people of the religious persuasion, especially Christianity. Christianity
is the religion that has most affected education, and so was the case back then, too.
Those people I was talking about before were the ones with the power, however. The pope
commanded more respect and authority than the king, the church taxed the people, and the
church dictated the laws of the land. The church was in charge of the people’s
souls, so they took responsibility for everything else. Even the king and his court was
subject to the church’s rule, as no one would really stand up to the church’s
authority. So of course, certain people in the church became corrupt and used religion as
a way to coerce their own fortunes or luxuries. This went on for hundreds of years. Some
of the abuses were issues of immorality, such as the practices of celibacy not being
followed and indulgences (pardons for your sins) and offices were sold out. Erasmus, a
monk and humanist who wrote “In Praise of Folley”, was one of the first people
who outright condemned the abuses of the church. He believed education should develop
piety and morality, and should give the people vocational skills.

Then around the 1300’s, around the time of Protestant Reformation, a monk named
Martin Luther became the first well-known opposer of the church’s abuses. He wrote
many books, some of which stirred popular unrest among the people. Around this time, more
people started thinking more in secular terms, and not so much blindly following the
church. More and more, commoners were becoming poorer so they followed the secular
movement; needing a scapegoat (the church) to blame for the lack of food and money. Then
to add fuel to the fire, the printing press was invented. This allowed the people to see
the bible for themselves, a book which was before only held in the hands of the church.
People could interpret the book for themselves, and didn’t need the church or
it’s priests as much as they used to. Religion was the only kind of education until
then, as people started to try and see the world in a more secular sense. This was the
beginning of the end of education and religion being tied so closely together. The church
lost a lot of power, as the bible became the ultimate authority replacing the pope and the
priests. Around this time, universal education started. Universal education is the system
in which everyone, even commoners, have the right to a basic elementary education. Martin
Luther also introduced other new ideas concerning education, such as state controlled
curriculum, teacher certification, and finances. He also believed in vocational and higher
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