Effects of Smoking While Pregnant Essay

This essay has a total of 360 words and 2 pages.

Effects of Smoking While Pregnant

During a pregnancy there are many choices to be made and smoking should not be one of
them. Smoking while pregnant can cause major effects before the birth of the child and
also in the child's future. Here are a few effects before the actual birth of the child:
1) Cigarettes contains a large number of chemicals that harm unborn babies. 2) Smoking
raises the levels of carbon monoxide in your bloodstream. This gives less oxygen for baby.
3) Nicotine tightens the blood vessels, meaning the oxygen is passed over less effectively
to the baby 4) Miscarriage or stillborn.

The risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome triples if the mother has smoked during
pregnancy. "It is estimated that twenty-five percent of expectant mothers in the U.S.
smoke throughout their pregnancies. According to a report from the Surgeon General, twenty
percent of low birth weight births, either percent of preterm deliveries and five percent
of all perinatal could be prevented by eliminating smoking during pregnancy."

Not only can smoking cause considerable damage to the unborn baby, but it could affect the
baby later in life. Smoking increases the chances of the baby having birth defects. For
example, the child might develop severe brain damage. The baby also might be considerably
light in weight. All these outcomes are extremely negative and can cause guilt.

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