This essay has a total of 782 words and 4 pages.


After just glancing at the artwork in the chapter about the Ancient Near East and the
chapter about Egypt, the one thing that strikes me the most is great size of some of these
structures and the great detail that is shown in them. It is amazing to see that people
that lived thousands and thousand of years before us, created such things in a society
much less advanced then are society of today. For instance how did they build the Palace
of Shapur, or the Great Pyramids? It is mind boggling to think that such great things
were built without the help of a modern day crane or machine, but rather by just pure

One quality I found to be quite different between the periods is the hair styles presented
in the art work and the style of clothing presented in the art work. In the Ancient Near
East the artwork shows men with long curly beards and most of the time long curly hair.
In many cases it is easy to see that the artists concentrated greatly upon the detail they
put into the hair. This shows that during this time period the hair was very important
quality to men. The men almost always had on a skirt or kilt like garment with fringes
hanging off of the bottom it. In the artwork presented to us from Egypt, most of the men
and women have a “square” shape to their hair that it is very symmetrical,
which is interesting because we also see lots of symmetry in their structures as well.
The clothing pictured is somewhat similar to that of the Ancient Near East only it was a
slightly different style with out fringes. I also found that women were pictured more
often in the Egyptian art then in the art from the Ancient Near East.

One quality I found to be quite similar between the artwork of these two periods is the
reasons for their creation. In both cases I believe spirituality to be a great factor.
In the Ancient Near east temples were meant to be homes for gods and goddesses. In Egypt
they were great believers in an afterlife so they buried their great rulers inside
lavishly decorated pyramids along with items they were believed to have needed in order to
enjoy their after lives. In both cases these structures carried a spiritual meaning to
the people of the society.

Just as in chapter one the animals seemed to have played a large role in society both in
the Ancient Near East and Egypt. In figure 2-10 there is a picture of a man with hoofs
for hands embracing two horse-like animals with human heads. Then below that it shows
lions doing human like things, such as carrying a pitcher-like object in one hand and a
bowl-like object in the other. In figure 3-11 we see the Great Sphinx, which is a lion
with a human-like head. This is meant to stand guard of the Dynasty IV Pyramids of
Khafre. By observing this in both chapter it seems that maybe human saw themselves on the
same levels as some animals since there are so many sculptures that are half man half
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