This essay has a total of 1613 words and 7 pages.


Ancient civilizations are studied today to help us understand more about our worlds past
and what has brought us to where we are today. Our findings have not only answered
questions, but also bought us to ask more questions. Perhaps one of the most studied and
yet least understood civilizations is the Ancient Egyptian Civilization. Many studies have
been done one what is now left of their ruins. Ancient towns have left us with
hieroglyphics, items that help us understand the way they lived, and even tombs.

One of the keys to understanding the ancient civilization is the Rosetta Stone, which was
discovered and helps us even today interpret the ancient writing of hieroglyphics. All of
Egypt's history, religion, and beliefs are only some of the writings that are left. Some
of the writings include proof that exotic plans did exist then that don't exist today.
These writings have told the stories of all the kings and their rule. Gods were very
prominent in this time and played a large role in the way people lived their lives. If it
weren't for these writings, this civilization may have never been fully discovered. Not
everyone was able to read and write hieroglyphics, there was a special school for children
who were exceptional. The school would start for the child at about five to ten years of
age. They would learn how vile the other occupations in the town really were. For example,
the smith slaves over a hot furnace, and his hands were like crocodiles, and the mason who
was achy and weary. Scribes seemed to have the better life among the people because they
had the power over everyone. The actual power to read and write was more valuable than
food, drink, and clothes. There is little evidence that women knew how to write. There was
only one tomb where a woman had left a journal of her every day life. It is believed that
only the wealthy women were able to read and write, but there was no place for them in the
career world to do this. Scribes were so important because they were able to copy sacred
texts into royal books of the Nether World into the walls of the tombs of kings and

From the hieroglyphics we learn about the average life of an Egyptian. Egyptian marriage
wasn't always arranged, this was usually only done by royal family where a brother would
marry a sister in an arranged marriage. On the other hand most marriages were done out of
love; there is evidence of this in love poetry that has been found, which shows that there
was genuine love. Most men were married by the age of twenty and the women were married by
the age of fourteen. The actual marriage laws weren't complicated, there was really no
state or church ceremony, they simply moved in together with a simple marriage contract.
Divorce was just as easy, if the man was at fault then the woman was entitled to one third
of the settlement, and if the woman was at fault she was still entitled to maintenance
from her ex husband.

Gods played a serious role in the everyday life of Egyptians, and this includes
childbirth. A man and a woman would have a child to keep the family line going. Even
though we call this civilization ancient, they understood the very same signs of pregnancy
as we do today. They checked the pulse rate, the color of her eyes, and the frequency of
her vomiting. They would pass water over wheat and barely; if barely sprouted then the
mother would be blessed with a boy and if wheat sprouted then the child would be a girl,
and if nothing came up then there would be no baby. The mothers often massaged themselves
with an oil in order to take away some of the discomfort. Many procedures were taken to
protect the mother and her child during the birth, the dwarf god and the hippo god were
painted on the wall to protect the mother and her baby from evil spirits during the
births, and spells were chanted.

Continues for 4 more pages >>