Egyption Pyramids Essay

This essay has a total of 2419 words and 10 pages.


Egyption Pyramids





Egypt is located in Africa and known for the geographical site the Nile River. One of the
most amazing geographical facts of Egypt is that in some areas people have never seen
rain. The Nile River controls everything in Egypt and it is said that the Nile River is a
predictable river. When it does flood it floods in a predictable manner and in
predictable area. The Nile River carries Silt for crops. It is also been worshiped
because of the water which helps the Egyptians live.

The ancient Egyptians are known to have been a very peaceful society. The Pre-Dynastic
civilization had pottery, tools and started the writing in hieroglyphic. They used gold
for decoration. It is not really known where they got the idea of writing but it is
thought that the Mesopotamian had an influence.

The Archaic civilization is known for the unification. Egypt unified under one king.
This meant that the King Narmer ruled all of the Nile River. These kings were called
Pharaohs. In Egyptian pharaoh means great house. Each Pharaoh was seen as a God. The
Egyptians had many Gods and they competed against each other. The focus in their religion
was their after life. This is why people were mummified. Only the rich were mummified
and it is believed that the reason for this is because mummifying a body was very
expensive. These people were buried with everything they believed they were going to need
in the after life. Some examples were food, gold, tools and miniature dolls symbolizing
the servants. The richer the person the more things that were buried.

In order to discuss Egypt it is needed to discuss the different time periods: the Old
Kingdom, Intermediate One, Middle Kingdom, Intermediate Two, and the New Kingdom. In the
Old Kingdom there was a very important Pharaoh. He had absolute power. This was a
peaceful time. During this time the pharaohs started marrying sisters in order to keep
the bloodline royal. The royal blood was very important to the Egyptians. The problem at
this time was that the crop started failing but it is not known why. During the first
Intermediate time the bureaucracy broke down and the anarchy started strong. Following
the first Intermediate was the Middle Kingdom. At this time the pharaohs were not as
dominate as before. Society started becoming more important. They focussed on school
that taught about morality, the good and the bad. This time was known as the classical
Egypt. Then the Second Intermediate started. This was more of a chaotic time. Egypt was
invaded by the warlike Mesopotamian called Hypksos and took Egypt. They brought chariots
and horses. It was not long when the Egyptians caught on and threw them out. The
Egyptians never returned to their peaceful selves. The last kingdom was the New Kingdom.
During this kingdom the Pharaohs took over strongly one more time but not as the peaceful
Pharaohs. They tried to build an empire.

One of the purposes that the Egyptian pyramids served was as funerary monuments built for
the pharaohs and their closest relatives. Most date from the Old Kingdom (c.2686-2181 BC)
and are found on the west bank of the Nile river in a region approximately sixty miles
long and situated south of the delta between Hawara and Abu Ruwaysh. Pyramids developed
from a low, rectangular stone structure erected over a tomb called the Mustaba.

Most of the pyramids of Ancient Egypt were built to protect the tombs of rulers or other
important persons. In the 26th century BC, as Egyptian civilization was reaching its
height, three kings: Khufu, his son Khafre, and his grandson Menkure. They ordered the
construction of three huge pyramids that would serve as their tombs. The first of these,
the Great Pyramid, is the largest ever built. It stands with the other two pyramids and
the Great Sphinx in a cluster near the town of Giza. The ancient Greeks named the
pyramids one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and today they, or at least Giza, are the
oldest structures in the existence, having been started 4,617 years ago. The pyramids
were built with the begrudging help of great armies of slaves (David, 1986).

According to common perception, the Egyptian pyramids were built, with begrudge help of
great armies of slaves (David, 1986). As just mentioned, these were ordered by the
ancient pharaohs of Egypt as tombs for preserving their royal bodies. Pyramids were meant
to be monuments to the pharaoh’s greatness, filled with great treasures for the afterlife.
To construct these massive shrines for themselves, the pharaohs copied the Great Pyramid
of Giza. But the Great Pyramid itself contains no pharaoh’s body, no treasure chamber,
and not treasures. (Evans, 1979) Who, then, designed it and built it? What was its
purpose? We cannot say for sure but we can consider a few basic facts about the Great
Pyramid.

Thirty time larger then the Empire State Building; the Pyramid’s features are so large
they can be seen from the Moon. Its base covers 13.6 acres (equal to about seven midtown
Manhattan City blocks, each side being greater than five acres in area. A highway lane
eight feet wide and four inches thick could be built from San Francisco to New York and
put inside the Great Pyramid.

Only a solid Stone Mountain could endure the Pyramid’s immense weight. And indeed, a flat
solid granite mountain happens to be located just beneath the surface of the ground
directly under the Pyramid. It is built to face true North. The Pyramid is located at
the exact center of the Earth’s landmass. That is, its East West axis corresponds to the
longest land parallel across the Earth, passing through Africa, Asia, and America.
Similarly, the longest land meridian on Earth, through Asia, Africa, Europe and
Antarctica, also passes right the Pyramid. Since the Earth has enough land area to
provide 3 billion possible building sites for the Pyramid, the odds of it’s having been
built where it is 1 in 3 billion (Seiss, 1981).

Like 20th century bridges designs, the Pyramid’s cornerstones have balls and sockets built
into them. Several football fields long, the Pyramid is subject to expansion and
contraction movements from heat and cold, as well as earthquakes, settling, and other such
phenomena. After 4,600 years it’s structure would have been significantly damaged without
such construction (Siess, 1981).

While the bulk of the Pyramid’s core was constructed of 4,000-40,000 pound blocks of soft
limestone, the outer layer of the Pyramid was made of a beautiful bright, protective layer
of polished stone. These outer “casing stones” are missing today because about 600 years
ago they were stolen by Arabs, (this accounts for the very worn appearance of the Pyramids
today, since the inner limestone blocks are not immune to attack by the elements-wind,
rain, and sandstorm.) This protective covering was made up of 100-inch-thick, 20-ton
block of hard, white limestone, similar to marble but superior in hardness and in
durability against the elements. The Great Pyramid did not always look as “rough” as it
does today. Originally it was encased with a layer of tight-fitting, highly polished
20-ton stone slabs (Seiss, 1981)

The casing stones, 144,000 in all, were so brilliant that they could literally be seen
from the mountains of Israel hundreds of miles away. On bright mornings and late
afternoons, sunlight reflected by the vast mirrored surface of 5-1/4 acres distinguished
the Pyramid as the only single structure that has ever been visible from the moon (Seiss,
1981).

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